(Thrasymachus 14 c) After contemplating the true meaning of this definition, Socrates finds it hard to refute mainly because this statement is indeed true for their time and place. In other words, history is written by winners. The strong have an advantage over the weak in all aspects of society, which is why the stronger and more intelligent leaders of each particular era devise our history. This concept can also be applied to the Theban play Antigone. After Creon is bestowed the role of king of Thebes, he is left with a difficult decision ... ... middle of paper ... ...ition was granted and Athens suffered a heavy loss.
Throughout the centuries, philosophers have debated over the moral issues involved in the search for the 'ideal' society. Three influential philosophers in this field have been Plato, John Locke and Karl Marx. Their philosophies and utopian states have continually influence political actions and thoughts throughout the ages. One of the most powerful thinkers in history was Plato. As Socrates' young pupil, he was the founder of 'the Academy' and many philosophical theories and dialogues.
Being one of the first real “philosophers” in history, Plato was looked up to by scholars of that time, as well as current philosophers of our time. His most influential work of writing is The Republic where he makes many assumptions while also including ideas and conversations with other thinkers of the time like Socrates and Thrasymachus (Kraut, 2013). Current and future thinkers will forever interpret Plato’s work for centuries to come. One of the most interpreted works by Plato includes his Allegory of the Cave. This is a mental depiction of a cave with prisoners chained inside of it.
Democracy is a topic extensively studied by political philosophers all around the world. Plato was one of these philosophers. Plato believed that “democracy […] is a charming form of government, full of verity and disorder; and dispensing a sort of equality to equals and unequals alike”. An analysis of ancient Athenian democracy and the Republic provides great understanding of the statement within its context. The statement itself is valid, but Plato does not appear to mean what he said.
In Plato’s The Republic and Hobbes’ Leviathan they discuss sovereign power, sovereign power being the absolute power that a state is governed. They each discuss their opinion on the basis of sovereign power; in addition they found and justify the exercise of sovereign power. The ideas of two of the greatest philosophers of all time have many differences, but also have some similarities. In The Republic, Plato discusses how the formation of societies comes from the natural weakness of humans. Plato firmly believes in a hierarchal system within a state.
Introduction Plato and Aristotle are renowned Greek philosophers who arguably proved to be great thinkers in their lifetime. Plato started his work in Athens as a philosopher and he played a big role in the development of the political philosophy. Apart from his philosophical works, Plato also took part in the development of science, mathematics and Christianity. In the republic, he sets out to define what is justice and its role to the society. On the other hand, Aristotle dealt mostly with political science.
Plato: Works and Contributions The Ancient Greeks have been credited with many contributions to society throughout history. From Science to Art and Literature, the Greeks have heavily influenced some of the cultures that later followed such as the Romans in the 700’s. Out of these contributions non other was more influential to modern times than Philosophy. The Greek word “Philosophy”, the study of ideas about knowledge, truth, the nature and meaning of life (Webster). Western Philosophy as we know it today was studied by many such as Anaximander and Hippocrates and even Socrates, who taught to use systematic questioning to explain the truths of the universe by teaching his students to take nothing for granted.
Of the many important texts in our world’s history, Plato’s Republic is among the best of them. This text has been used countless times and for countless reasons. Jon Dorbolo states, “The Republic is considered by many to be Plato’s masterwork. It certainly is one of the most important texts of political theory. In the Republic, Plato reasons his way to a description of the perfect political system.” So many people used the Republic when making important political decisions and writing important political documents.
This notion is evident throughout the development of constitutional doctrines in Greek democracy, Aristotle’s political theory, Roman Republicanism, and English Constitutionalism. Due to society, cultural diversity troubles the mode of governess. This is because at times there are circumstances where cultural ideologies oppress other cultures and limit the concept of a democratic nation. The constitution is a means to regulate societies, intervening cultural values and beliefs. With this in mind, constitutional principles unite societies regardless of cultural differences (Crick 29).
Throughout the years, countless philosophers have approached the questions of life in various ways. Two philosophers that have played a major role in developing philosophy are Plato and Aristotle. In some ways, both of these men had ideas that were very similar. However, each of them developed their own style and found a different way to look at things. Plato is without a doubt one of the most well known philosophers to date.