Governments are supposed to protect and give the people of a nation the rights and justice they deserve with the consent of the governed. If humans are treated fairly and justly then the people will respect the government and not cause chaos. Just societies start from a stable form of government and work their down to the people of society through the laws and regulations set in place by government trying to treat them as fairly and justly as possible. The ancient philosopher Plato was a Greek philosopher who based his ideas on... ... middle of paper ... ... idea, “Voice of the people.” He said humans coming together creates commonwealth secures the liberties for citizens. Just societies start from the people fighting for what they deserve.
While the state works for the people as a whole instead of individual, Plato also proposes the idea of propaganda to mold even the lowest of his utopia into model citizens for the state. Plato’s state is the essence of perfection, with a goal to make everyone reach their true potential. Aristotle views the state as an individual outlet. The ideal state works to achieve individual happiness. There is no ideal structure to the state; instead politics changes on what they best suit the state.
Alfarabi agrees with Aristotle, as Alfarabi believes that a government can have the power to let people achieve ultimate happiness. This process, however, can only occur if a government removes natural and voluntary evils, while retaining the natural and voluntary good actions. Alfarabi considers that when rulership in a government follows these processes, only then can people be virtuous, good, and happy. This concept marks the cornerstone of his idea of the virtuous nation or city, and this model contrasts with those cities who are filled with evil, such as the ignorant and errant cities. Alfarabi, however, does admit that there can be weeds in his ideal city, but he contests that a virtuous city represents the greatest purpose that a government can have.
Plato felt that government should be run by enlightened philosopher kings, that would rule for the good of the people, and not themselves. We today see the Supreme Court as a collection of the most "enlightened" thinkers of our day. They are chosen to make moral decisions about laws made by others in our society, and decide whether or not the laws we make are in the best interest of our nation as a whole. Plato knew that within any political State their would be corruption, to stop the corruption Plato felt that the philosopher kings would best rule because they would not indulge themselves in a corrupt society. They only believed in the truth, and justice that government is supposed to protect its people with.
Reaching such abilities could be seen by making logical choices and being able to choose the needs in life rather then the wants. At this point it shows that Aristotle contends that a society that includes citizens that he believes are of human excellence will reflect the same values upon it’s state. Aristotle’s visions of the ideal government have been an influential teaching to political philosophy. His teachings seem to strongly reflect the ideas of communism and authoritarian systems. Aristotle’s emphasis on moderation and the perfection of the people prove this.
There is, however, a better way to go about seeking the consent of the ruled then the route Coriolanus took, and there is a good way to go about achieving a threshold in our republic where we better our chances so that those who Know have the consent of those who do not Know, so that the common good can be achieved. Aristotle believed that those who ruled must be wise. They must possess certain virtues and knowledge that can allow for him to rule for the common good. For someone to Know, he must understand man and the common good of man. Aristotle believed every man is by nature a political animal.
Balance is a main word in discussing Aristotle because he believes it is the necessary element to creating a stable government. His less metaphysical approach to politics makes Aristotle more in tune with the modern world, yet he is far from modern. Plato's concept of what politics and government should be is a direct result of his belief in the theory of forms. The theory of forms basically states that there is a higher "form" for everything that exists in the world. Each material thing is simply a representation of the real thing which is the form.
Both Plato’s Republic and Aristotle’s Politics relegate some people to exist solely as laborers, but they come to this conclusion in different ways and for fundamentally different reasons. In the Republic, the protagonist Socrates explores the idea of justice and the question of whether or not justice manifests in the same form for the individual as for the state. Socrates believes that these qualities are wholly entwined, as both the justice of the state and the justice of the individual require a balance and embodiment of certain qualities. A good society will be “wise, courageous, [and] moderate,” and all of these qualities must exist independently (Plato 427e). In his construction of an ideal city, Socrates declares that each of these
Aristotle promotes the idea of rule based on law rather than simple superiority. The differences in these beliefs are important because of the implications of Aristotle’s writings, which provide a way for citizens and statesmen to utilize philosophy in politics and the state. Consequently, information in Politics is seen again throughout modern politics. The similarities of Aristotle’s beliefs expressed through his writings in Politics to the beliefs of Plato and Socrates expressed in the recorded dialogues of The Republic are centered mainly on a fear of democracy. Aristotle asserts that only those who are concerned with virtue and good government should be the leaders in a society or community (Politics, 80).
He wanted his government not to have as much power as it did; a democratic government in Lao-Tzu’s eyes was a more peaceful one. Lao-Tzu created a “master” that was able to fully guide the ruler of today and the ruler of tomorrow to educate them on the needs of the people. Lao-Tzu wanted the people to contribute to how their society should be run; that the “master” would be able to rule but without being forceful and making it so the people can pursue happiness. Lao-Tzu says that “The Master does nothing, yet he leaves nothing undone” (38 5-6). A successful government would let the people decide what happens to their country.