The pain for one is not the pain for all. Because of this, she said, “I, Mieneke Weide- Boelkes, am terminally ill. As soon as this medication loses its efficacy I request euthanasia.” Euthanasia, also known as mercy killing or physician-assisted suicide, according to the medical dictionary, means “to take a deliberate action with the express intention of ending a life to relieve intractable (persistent, unstoppable) suffering.” (Medilexicon). There are two types of euthanasia and two different methods to do it within those types. The first one is voluntary euthanasia, which is made under the patients consent and requires competence of it. The second one, is involuntary euthanasia which is made by a relative of the patient because the patient is incapable of doing it itself.
But while some may say that physician assisted suicide is immoral and impractical because it deserts the hope for further healing, patients who are at death’s door should have the right to die with dignity with the aid of a practicing physician as an alternative to continually living with the burden of a terminal illness. Allowing physician assisted suicide to be an option for terminally ill patients alleviates the suffering that they may have to endure. How can the government make a decision to keep aching patients from alleviating their pain? The incident of Matthew Donnelly illustrates the perfect case of a patient whose suffering had gone on too long: Matthew’s job of working with x-ray research had left him with skin cancer that slowly deteriorated his entire body. With an estimate of only a year left to live, Matthew Donnelly laid in bed in excruciating pain for days.
Stevens Jr., Kenneth R. "Emotional and Psychological Effects of Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia on Participating Physicians." Issues in Law & Medicine 21.3 (2006): 187-200. Business Source Premier. EBSCO. Web. 28 Sept. 2011.
Euthanasia, in general, is defined as the act or practice of ending the life of an individual that is suffering from a terminal illness or an incurable condition, by a lethal injection. (Euthanasia, n.d.) Non-voluntary euthanasia involves the guardian of the patient in making the final decision regarding their care. The patient is unable to make such a decision because they are either unconscious due to disease ... ... middle of paper ... ... allowing them to suffer and to die with dignity. A New Zealand Resource for Life Related Issues. (2011).
Physician-assisted suicide is the practice in which a doctor prescribes a terminally ill patient with a lethal medication as a form of active, voluntary euthanasia. These patients, rather than suffer slowly and painfully, often request this procedure as a means of experiencing a more “dignified” death. The debate surrounding this issue is a heated one, especially among the general public whose attitudes are deeply influenced by the level of patient pain and discomfort (Frileux et al. 334). At the heart of the issue is the conflict between a patient’s right to choose between life and death and, as expressed by one social scientist, “society’s obligation to protect its most vulnerable members from hastened and not completely voluntary death” (Ardelt 424).
Voluntary euthanasia is being put to death with the consent of the patient; involuntary is where the patient is to ill to give consent, so a physician or close family member gives consent for them. Passive euthanasia is when common treatments, such as, antibiotics, pain medications, or surgery, are withheld. Active euthanasia is the use of lethal substances that will end a patient’s life. No matter what form of euthanasia is used... ... middle of paper ... ...a. Hamlon Kathi. “Could euthanasia or assisted suicide be used as a means of health care cost containment?” Patient’s rights council.
For example, active euthanasia occurs when a doctor performs an action to end a life, while passive euthanasia transpires through the omission of a life-preserving action (Encyclopedia). Indirect euthanasia, or physician-assisted suicide, arises when a patient takes the step that induces death. On the contrary, a physician causes the death during direct euthanasia. This is further split into three categories: voluntary, involving the patient’s consent, nonvoluntary, concerning euthanasia of a patient deemed incapable of making a decision as a result of a mental illness or coma, and involuntary, the euthanasia of a patient irrespective of their decision (“Euthanasia.” Issues). Ultimately, euthanasia div... ... middle of paper ... ...." Issues: Understanding Controversy and Society.
Retrieved from http://academicjournals.org/INGOJ Lewy, G. (2011). Assisted Death in Europe and America. Oxford University Press. McLoughlin, D. M. (2002). Euthanasia, Assisted Suicide, and Psychiatry: a Pandora’s box.