Within the United States, Texas is a crucial part of oil and gas production. The East Texas Basin plays a large role in the production of oil and gas coming out of Texas. Understanding the the East Texas Basin begins with knowledge of the geologic history, lithology, structure, organic petrology, and production history. Geologic history of the East Texas Basin shows how hydrocarbons were deposited and in what conditions they were formed. Lithology and stratigraphy are important tools in the exploration and understanding of oil and gas. Lithology and Stratigraphy allows way of predicting and finding the hydrocarbons that were expelled from the source rock and where they may have migrated. Structural aspects of the East Texas Basin are important when discussing oil and gas because of the faults and salt structures are indicators of the environment of deposition. Even with all of this information of the East Texas Basin there is still much research that is being conducted and will need to be conducted in the future.
II. The East Texas Basin.
The East Texas Basin is located in the northeastern portion of Texas in the United States of America. The depth to the top of the formation in East Texas ranges between 1,800 to 2,900 meters (Laubach, 1988). Within the East Texas Basin there are several different formations; the Wilcox, Taylor, Austin, Woodbine, Glen Rose, and the Travis peak formations. There are also other important factors such as the Sabine uplift and other structural faults and aspects. The production within the East Texas Basin is located in the Woodbine formation (Keith, 1983). The East Texas Field is located east on this basin above the production zone in the Woodbine Formation (Laubach, 1989). It is...
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