Railroads In Texas Essay

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The growth of agriculture and railroads in Texas and in the United States helped form our economy today. Railroads today pass through a lot of Texas, and even in big cities like Houston or Dallas. Since there are so many farms and open farmland (especially in south and west Texas), railroads can carry the produce and livestock to their destination. James Watt invented the first steam engine in about 1769, and from then on, railroads were a must for transportation, since cars had yet to be invented. Railroads began to be built before the Civil War. It originally took about 6 months to get from the west of the US to the east, but now it only took 7 days. With railroads expanding all across the country, agriculture was affected in a mostly positive …show more content…

Austin brought the “Old 300” to Texas, they got about 4,338 acres for grazing, and 177 acres for farmland and labor. This is where the first slave-based cotton plantation came into being. The Texas’ farms were starting to be a commercial business. Small family farms were becoming more frequent, and the livestock business became popular, all between 1836 and the Civil War in 1861. Cotton production generated most of the state’s agriculture production and sales. 58,000 bales were produced in 1850, but in 1860, there were 431,000! The number of slaves grew to more than triple as well, from about 58,200 to about 182,500. The whole population of Texas tripled too. It was kind of like a ‘Texas Cotton Rush’! There were many immigrants who settled in Texas. Some of those towns are still here today, such as New Braunfels, Brenham, and Boerne. Those are German towns. Also, immigrants from the Czech Republic settled heavily in Fayette and Brazos. People from many other foreign countries settled in Texas as well. There were so many, more than half the settlers were foreign-born …show more content…

With the remaining 20 – 60 acres, about 75% of it would be dedicated to growing cotton (since that’s where the cash would flow). Other crops could be corn, sugarcane, a cash crop like tobacco, or even herbs like rosemary or oregano. Large animals like oxen or mules would plow the land, but if the farmer had some money, he could import some high-tech (at the time) equipment. Despite the difficulty of the farm life (like having to cough up two-thirds of your profits to the landlord, having a drought, plant or animals having disease, etc.), in 1900, there were about 289,000 more farms than in 1870. One of the reasons the business of picked up so much, was because of the glorious invention of the railroad. Farming and ranching grew quickly as emphasis on commercial production and marketing expanded greatly. Wheat, sorghum, rice, hay, and dairy became important as the 19th century was nearing its end, but cotton and livestock were still the dominant in farming and

In this essay, the author

  • Explains the growth of agriculture and railroads in texas and in the united states helped form our economy today.
  • Explains how the "old 300" brought the first slave-based cotton plantation to texas. cotton production generated most of the state's agriculture production and sales.
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