Nevertheless, along with the advancement of age especially in these field incurs catastrophe on human's health. That disaster is commonly called obesity and the most obese country in the world is America ( IBTimes, 2013, p. 1). Currently, obesity is plague in America and according to The Washington Times (2009) seventy two million Americans are obese. Those number surely causes several consequences; that are personal suffering through illness like hypertension and diabetes, increasing medical treatments and costs, and considerable economic leverage of lost earnings. “All in all, obesity and overweight account for nearly one of every 10 American deaths, and they also drain our society of $223 billion a year.” (Harvard Health Publications, 2014, p. 1).
Some supporters believe that government should take action to... ... middle of paper ... ...ents decision. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), obesity now ranks as the 10th most important health problem in the world (“Obesity Seen as a Global Problem”). Childhood obesity has more than doubled in children and tripled in adolescents in the past 30 years. Centers for Disease Control and Protection estimates that obesity contributed to the deaths of 112,000 Americans in 2000 (“Obesity in the U.S. Fast”). It is estimated that annual medical care cost of obesity are as high as $147 billion (“Obesity in the U.S. Fast”).
Obesity is defined as an excessively high amount of body fat in relation to lean body mass. Genetics, nutrition, physical activity, and family routines are all leading causes of the increase in American obesity. If one parent is obese, there is a 50% chance that the child will be obese, this study shows how obesity is carried down, being the reason obesity is increasing (National Heart, Lungs, and Blood Institute, Health Risk 1). Day to day money is directly spent on medical care and prescription drugs related to obesity. According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, obesity is becoming a national epidemic, with the Center for Disease Control, noting that around 15% of children and adolescents are now overweight.
In 1990, not one state in the U.S. had an obesity rate of over fifteen percent, by 2010 not one state had an obesity rate of under twenty percent and almost a quarter of the states had obesity rates over thirty percent (“Obesity Trends”, 2). Obesity rate percentages between men and women have risen at approximately equal levels. Among American women, those with a college degree are less than half as likely to be obese. While obesity levels rose equally across all economic levels in the U.S., those in lower income brackets are almost twice as likely to become obese (“Adult Obesity Facts”). Obesity is becoming more prevalent in our youth.
In adults, the CDC reported that “Non-Hispanic and Blacks had the highest age adjusted rates of obesity of 49.5 % compared to Mexicans Americans that has a 40.4 % , all Hispanics that has 39.1%, and Non-Hispanic whites that has a 34.3% age adjusted rate” (CDC, 2). Socioeconomic status is a cause that led people to being obesity. In 1988-1994 and 2007-2008 the obesity prevalence in adults increased in income and education levels. The CDC stated that, “Among men, obesity prevalence is generally similar at all income levels, however, among non-Hispanic black and ... ... middle of paper ... ...ne state had a prevalence less than 20%, and three states had prevalences of greater than 30%” (CDC, 951-53). In conclusion, obesity is one of the problems that people face today.
The definition of obesity is: the condition of being grossly fat or overweight. In the U.S there are approximately ninety-seven million adults are either overweight or obese. To be obese is considered 100 pounds over your ideal weight. Approximately 300,000 people die from obesity each year according to Stanford Hospital and Clinical. Obesity; Opposing viewpoints mentions that the rates of obesity are skyrocketing every year the prevalence of women are 50% more then they are in men.
In the last decade alone, over one billion people worldwide are estimated to be overweight (5). In the research articles used, BMI was the common tool to determine if an individual was overweight or obese. In the cells, obesity leads to the decrease in gut microbia, which in turn will increase the levels of deoxycholic acid (DCA). DCA is able to stimulate senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) that has been shown to contribute to cancer development (6). SASP factors have been known to affect cell growth that has to do with inflammation and tumorigenesis promotion.
Cancer linked to obesity includes uterus, cervix, ovary, breast, and gallbladder. A report by the American Cancer Society says that when a person has a BMI that is 40% or more above the normal, the risk of conducting cancer increases by 53% for women and 33% by men. A study published in the journal of the American Medical Association found that a women who gained at least 45 pounds since the age 18, were twice as likely to obtain breast cancer than a person who gained less than 5 pounds. The American Institute for Cancer Research released a report saying that 40% of all cancer cases could be avoided if they maintained a healthy diet and exercise regimen to maintain a normal body weight.
All in all, obesity and over weight account for nearly one of every 10 American deaths, and they also drain our society of $223 billion a year (Obesity in America, 5). Obesity is something that is present and dangerous, but people seem to overlook it. There are many factors that can lead to obesity. If a pregnant woman has high intake of insulin, or gains excessive weight while pregnant it can cause a child to be born larger than their gestational age, which in the long run cause of obesity. Also, over feeding babies can cause them to develop early onset of obesity.
Between the years 1980 and 2000, the obesity rate nearly doubled among the adults in the United States. The sad thing is that even after knowing these facts, people do not practice healthy eating habits that can help prevent obesity, or at least lower the obesity rate. Moreover, the rate of childhood obesity has doubled in just 30 years. It is not the excess fat that is the issue; it is the problems and health risks that come along with it. About 70% of obese youth are at risk for one cardiovascular disease, including cancer of the breast, colon, kidney, pancreas, and etc.