Parallel Greek Myths

Powerful Essays
Parallel Greek Myths

Mythology is the traditions that have been passed down orally, among a culture, for many generations. Myths can include several different elements, often varying slightly. Most include fantasy or unnatural characters, such as monsters, dragons, gods and goddesses. Myths generally tell a story which is the basis for many beliefs among a culture. Greek and Roman myths encompass the gods that the cultures worship. Myths often serve to teach a lesson or play on superstitions. The origin is unknown and because it has been handed down orally, there are variations in the story. The story often travels around to other cultures also. This leads to similar myths among cultures. Similar situations and characters appear in several myths. An example of this is the

Greek myths Io, Arachne, and Daedalus and Icarus. Although these stories are unrelated, they have similar aspects. They all use the transformations between people and animals and have a common theme of jealousy. A psychoanalysis of these myths shows deeper connections behind the stories.

In Greek mythology Io was an Argive princess and the daughter of the river god Inachus. She became the object of Zeus' affection, who changed her into a white heifer to protect her from his jealous wife Hera. Hera still suspected that the cow was really Zeus' mistress, so she asked for it as a gift from Zeus. She also requested that is be guarded by the 100-eyed monster Argus. This way Io would not be able to escape because the monster never slept with all of his eyes closed. Zeus then sent his son Hermes to rescue Io. Hermes managed to put all of Argus' eyes to sleep with a series of boring stories. He then killed the monster. Hera was still angr...

... middle of paper ...

...ries. On-line. Internet. 8 Dec. 2000. Available:

Garside, Adam. "Io". Encyclopedia Mythica. On-line. Internet. 9 Dec. 2000. Available:

Humphries, Rolfe tr. Ovid: Metamorphoses. Indiana University Press: Bloomington. 1983

"Johann Jakob Bachofen" Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia. CD-ROM. 2000

Lee, Melissa. "Arachne". Encyclopedia Mythica. On-line. Internet. 8 Dec. 2000. Available:

Menninger, William C. "Freud, Sigmund". Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2000. 9 Dec. 2000. Available:

Rowell, Maria Helena. "Psychoanalysis". The Freud Page. On-line. Internet. 9 Dec. 2000. Available:

Thompson, Martha. "Perdix". Encyclopedia Mythica. On-line. Internet. 9 Dec. 2000. Available:
Get Access