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PMESII-Pt Analysis

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PMESII-PT (Political, Military, Economic, Social, Information, Infrastructure, Physical Environment, Time) assist planners with organizing the amount of information received during plan development so as not to destabilize other aspects of the operational environment (OE). Planners use the eight interrelated operational variables and their sub variables to scrutinize the operational environment, for a thorough analysis of the population, the insurgency, and the counterinsurgent. Additionally, it is important for planners to understand the original OE in order to plan for the future OE—the end state. It is also critical in developing a counterinsurgency (COIN) plan that can defeat the insurgency. Even, a tactical unit utilizes the PMESII-PT…show more content…
No two OE variables are identical; neither do they interact alike in a specific situation, even within the same theater of operations. In addition, the entire operational environment changes over time. Success in operations requires commanders and staff to maintain situational awareness throughout the operations process. The current state of the operational environment, and how the environment should look when operations conclude must be articulated before an approach to solving the problem can be visualized. The OE variables help the planners to understand in detail not only the factors that comprise an environment, but also the interactions among the various agents within the environment. Joint Publication (JP) 5-0, Joint Operation Planning, defined the operating environment as “the conditions, circumstances, and influences that affect the employment of capabilities and bear on the decisions of the…show more content…
The Army Operating Concept instructs us to “win in a complex world.” However, the current problems we face are not solvable with military ways and means alone; effective interaction with local populations is essential to the success of all operations. However, it depends on the ability to make sense of the operational environment and to anticipate those factors that influence operations, both negatively and positively. Unfortunately, the structure and behavior of the systems that commonly comprise these factors suggest that making sense of operational environments is a “wicked problem”. A systematic examination of the population, the insurgency, and the counterinsurgent using the eight OE variables is critical to the development of a counterinsurgency plan for mission
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