On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin

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On November 24th, 1859, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life by Charles Darwin (renamed On the Origin of Species 13 years later) was published in London, England. In it, Charles Darwin specified his observations and gave his insight on what he thought caused evolution. He called it "natural selection." Before this, nearly everyone believed that a single God created every living organism that none of them had changed a bit since then. Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species influenced the minds of 1859 and impacted all of science.
Charles Darwin was born to Robert Darwin and Susannah Wedgwood on February 12, 1809. Darwin was raised by his three older sisters after his mother died when he was just eight years old.
Between the years 1818 and 1825, Darwin studied at the Anglican Shrewsbury School. His time at this school was not an enjoyable one; Darwin was ostracized by his peers because of his interests in science and chemistry. Following his education at the Anglican Shrewsbury School, Darwin attended Edinburgh University, where he learned much about the sciences. It was at Edinburgh that Darwin met Robert Edmond Grant, an evolutionist who would become his mentor while at the university. In 1828, his father decided Edinburgh was not a good fit for Charles Darwin and switched him to Cambridge University. It was here that Darwin flourished and embraced the circumstances that would lead him to the voyage that would help him write On the Origin of Species.
On December 27, 1831, Darwin sailed with the HMS Beagle and its captain, Robert Fitzroy. With the intention of surveying Patogonia, it was on this voyage that Darwin encountered t...

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