Keith Henson a writer in evolutionary psychology once said that “Evolution acts slowly. Our psychological characteristics today are those that promoted reproductive success in the ancestral environment.” Evolution was first introduced by a naturalist by the name of Charles Darwin. Darwin had written an autobiography, at the age of 50, On the Origin of Species (1859) explaining how species evolve through time by natural selection; this theory became known as Darwinism. “Verlyn Klinkenborg, who writes editorials and vignettes on science and nature for the “New York Times”” (Muller 706) questions Darwin’s theory in one of his essays he wrote called Darwin at 200: The Ongoing Force of His Unconventional Idea. Both articles talk about the theory of Darwinism, but the authors’ use different writing techniques and were written in different time periods. Darwin himself writes to inform us on what the theory is, where as Klinkenborg goes on to explain why Darwinism is just a theory. Today, evolution is still a very controversial topic among many. It comes up in several topics that are discussed everyday such as in politics, religion and education.
Social Darwinism is a late 19th century term used to describe the application of British naturalist Charles Darwin’s theory of natural selection to social and political conditions. Late 19th century sociologist Herbert Spencer tried to capture the essence of social Darwinism with his phrase “survival of the fittest”. This essentially meant that the strong would rise to the top while the weak simply died out. Social Darwinists eschew social responsibility and compassion, instead believing that some people are more fit to survive than others. Many social Darwinists advocated that the government should maintain a laissez-faire, or hands off, approach when it came to regulating economic competition and alleviating social inequalities. Social Darwinism was used to justify the consolidation of the majority of wealth by a minority of Americans. The term allowed people to rationalize capitalism, imperialism, racism, and even eugenics. The wealthy believed in social Darwinism because it allowed them to justify their oppressive business tactics and low wages for their labor force. Politicians believed in it because it allowed them to justify imperialism, or expansion of the nation. Affluent Anglo-Saxons believed in social Darwinism, believing themselves to be the superior race, and used it to justify ...
The concept of Social Darwinism was a widely accepted theory in the nineteenth-century. Various intellectual, and political figures from each side of the political spectrum grasped the theory and interpreted it in various ways. In this paper, we will discuss three different nineteenth-century thinkers and their conception of Social Darwinism. The conservative, Heinrich von Treitschke, and liberal Herbert Spencer both gave arguments on the usefulness of competition between people on a global scale. The anarchist, Peter Kropotkin, refuted the belief of constant competition among members of the same species and emphasized mutual aid.
Mortality associated with influenza has historically been a major concern for low-income countries due to lack of sanitation, medical care, and other preventative measures. This year we have seen a wave of increasing influenza associated deaths in higher income countries, like the UK, US, and Australia. These are countries that have the means to preventative care and medical research. Media has a way of influencing the masses on the opinion of vaccination and other preventative care. Government can maintain Public Health through policy. There is an overwhelming amount of research and evidence behind the worldwide phenomena of antibiotic resistance. Medical research has suggested that vaccines are a resource that can begin to combat bacteria and viruses being resistant to western medicine. From the 3 articles of journalism I read, I transparently saw the underlying voices of opinion. Within the topic of Global Health, there are theories, ideologies, and other speculations on how Global Heath should influence a country’s response. In the case of influenza virus, and its increasing popularity in the media, perhaps we will see a worldwide response of action. This could benefit the low-income countries that are impacted by the flu outbreak every year. This same concept could be accepted to the many other infectious
Influenza is defined as an acute, commonly epidemic disease, occurring in several forms, caused by numerous rapidly mutating viral strains and characterized by respiratory symptoms and general prostration. Spanish flu was more than just a normal epidemic, it was a pandemic. Epidemics affect many people at the same time in areas where the disease doesn’t normally occur. A pandemic is an epidemic on a national, international, or global scale. The Spanish flu was different from the seasonal flu in one especially frightening way, there was an unusually high death rate among healthy adults aged 15 to 34 and lowered the life expectancy by more than ten years. Such a high death rate has not occurred in this age group in and epidemic prior to or since the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918. (Tumpey, 2005)
Influenza is one the most common infectious disease and easy to transmitted around the world. In every community, there are people who attend to get the flu and/or have a grave consequence such as pneumonia and infections. Danger would not be in our thinking because we might be healthy but we must be realistic and think of the possibility of transmitting or been getting from someone else and even worst have a fatal virus. “With influenza it’s tough because you need about 80 percent or more of the population getting the vaccine for herd immunity to really work and we’re just not there yet.” (Keyes-Bevan 1)
Analyzing data in the field of criminal justice is important because it helps to identify trends that can be pertinent for officers and administration to know. Gathering and analyzing data can help officers find which problems need the most attention in which areas. Examples of such information include what types of crimes are being committed, what neighborhoods are experiencing the most criminal activity, what are the demographics of the offenders committing the crimes, what time of day are the most crimes committed, and how much has the crime activity changed over certain periods of time. “Having a strong foundation in research methods and data analysis techniques will help you to properly collect, analyze, and make sense of the data pertaining
In 1859, Charles Darwin revealed his theory of evolution by natural selection in his famous book “On the Origin of Species.” Natural selection is the process by which organisms evolve over time to allow for better adaption to its environment in order to survive and have more offspring.1
While the theory of Darwinism has been accepted throughout the ages, Darwin’s Evolution of Species allows for questioning and criticism. Many arguments that Darwin makes can be criticized as closeminded and discard the scientific method. While Darwin’s evolution of species was a great contribution to modern anthropology, Darwin’s theory avoids defining life itself. The title of his work refers to the evolution of species not the evolution of life. It is not known if the existence of life is a philosophical or scientific nature. Making the theory of evolution limited its social and philosophical value. Darwin’s theory of natural selection attempts to provide an explanation for the disappearance of genetic modifications, yet does not provide
There are many different elements and chemicals that can both positively and negatively affect freshwater ecosystems. Many different factors play into the survivability of a lake, pond, river, or other freshwater environment. If all of the different factors are not balanced correctly, the fish in that particular environment have a much lower chance at survival.
Social Darwinism is the application of Darwin’s teachings outside of science, such as in biology, philosophy, religion, and politics, among other fields. While this connection may not seem to be applicable, the concepts of Darwinism can be found in many areas of society. As a result, social Darwinism has had a significant impact on the development of Western civilization simply because the concepts of Darwinism can be applied to society in the ways they can