On Animal experiments

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Introduction Many institutions use animal experiments to develop a new product or test the safety of medicines. Animals may be modified into suitable condition to obtain knowledge about potential human diseases and treatments. As animals including mice and rats that are distant from human share many genetic and physiological similarities with human, experimenting on them may bring enormous benefits (BBC, n.d.). Many of the experiments, however, cause pain to them or even reduce their living quality (HOPES, 2010). This brings attention to the justification of animal experiments. The moral status of animals and the benefit are highly controversial parts of the concern. Against animal experiments Most people would agree that animals have some kind of moral status. This presents a shift of view from past that animals had no moral status and respecting them was merely for protecting human property. Today, this question has evolved to how much moral status and what right animals have. (HOPES, 2010) The strongest answer to the question is that animals have the same moral status as humans do and that they deserve exactly the same treatment. This claim means that human have no right of killing and forcing animals in fulfilling their own goals and animals are no different from human. Specifically, supporters argue that animals have the capacity to enjoy or suffer life. (HOPES, 2010) They further claim that granting animals less moral is simply a prejudice or “speciesism”. Human has the tendency to consider themselves more moral simply because they belong to their own species. Belonging to particular race does not mean other species have less moral status. (HOPES, 2010) Considering the fact that the experiment exerts suffering to animals,... ... middle of paper ... ...or ability as some animals, are not considered subjects. Works Cited BBC. n.d. Animal ethics: Experimenting on animals. [online] Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/animals/using/experiments_1.shtml [Accessed: 18 Nov 2013]. Harley, H. 2013. Consciousness in dolphins? A review of recent evidence. Journal of Comparative Physiology A, pp. 1--18. HOPES. 2010. Animal Research: The Ethics of Animal Experimentation. [online] Available at: http://www.stanford.edu/group/hopes/cgi-bin/wordpress/2010/07/animal-research/ [Accessed: 18 Nov 2013]. NEAVS. n.d. Alternatives to Animal Testing and Research. [online] Available at: http://www.neavs.org/alternatives/in-testing [Accessed: 18 Nov 2013]. Stevens, A. and Stevens, J. 2012. Animal Cognition. [online] Available at: http://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/animal-cognition-96639212 [Accessed: 18 Nov 2013].

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