Off Highway Vehicle Growing Recreation

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Today, Off-highway vehicle (OHV) use is one if the fastest growing recreation activities taking place on the public of the western United States. OHV includes, but is not limited to motorcycles designed for off road use, All terrain vehicles (ATVs), 4-wheel drive automobiles, and other vehicles such a sand rails or dune buggies (Cordell, Betz, Green, & Owens, 2005). As the United States population grows, so does the necessity for outdoor recreation, and OHV use is no exception; between 1982 and 2001 OHV recreation participation increased an additional 100%. Between the years 1999 and 2005, OHV Users grew from 36 t0 51 million people. The challenge land managers face is addressing the conflicting needs and expectations of millions that use America’s federal lands (Cordell et al., 2005). This fast growth in recreation and increasing demands on resources leads to even greater concern with recreation capacities than in the past (Whittaker, Shelby, Manning, Cole, & Haas, 2011). Defining Capacity Concerning recreation, carrying capacities have been considered since the early 1930’s (Stankey & Manning, 1986). Since its introduction the concept or carrying capacities has evolved considerably. Capacity serves as a signal to managers indicating that additional action may be necessary to protect the visitor experiences and local resources (Haas, 2001). A more specific definition of visitor capacities is described as “the amount and type of use that is compatible with the management prescription for an area” (Whittaker, Shelby, Manning, Cole, & Haas, 2011; McCool & Lime, 2001). For example, the number of outfitters permitted per day at a particular entry point of a recreation area. When defining carrying capacity it is important to ... ... middle of paper ... ...empting Fantasy or Useful Reality? Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 9(5), 372–388. Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/394212/Tourism_Carrying_Capacity_Tempting_Fantasy_or_Useful_Reality Stankey, G., & Manning, R. (1986). Carrying capacity of recreation settings. The President’s Commission On Americans Outdoors. Retrieved from http://leopold.wilderness.net/pubs/166.pdf Stokols, D. (1972). On the distinction between density and crowding: Some implications for future research. Psychological Review, 79(3), 275–277. Retrieved from http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/rev/79/3/275/ Whittaker, D., Shelby, D., Manning, R., Cole, D., & Haas, G. (2011). Capacity Reconsidered: Finding Consensus and Clarifying Differences. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 29(1), 1–20. Retrieved from http://www.uvm.edu/parkstudieslaboratory/publications/Whittaker et al. 2011.pdf
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