Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

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Several mental health disorders are brought on due to both psychological and biological problems. Many of these are anxiety or behavioral disorders. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is one of these disorders that is an issue in both anxiety and behavioral issues. Its causes may be psychological, biological, or, in most cases, both. Many studies have been conducted on OCD and show that it is a complex disorder with many different symptoms. There have been treatments and medications to help reduce the symptoms and help people to overcome the disorder. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety disorder that causes a great deal of stress to people suffering from it, however with proper treatment it’s sufferers can live a healthy, normal life. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is a neuropsychiatric disorder, characterized by two main occurrences: obsessions and compulsions (Thomsen, 2012). Obsessions are recurring, unwanted, or intrusive thoughts or images, while compulsions are repetitive actions or behaviors (Subramaniam, Soh, Vaingankar, Picco, & Chong, 2013; Murphy, Moya, Fox, Rubenstein, Wendland, & Timpano, 2013). These repetitive thoughts and rituals cause stress and anxiety to the person with the disorder. The obsessions and compulsions are often extreme and irrational, which is often known by the patients (Murphy, Moya, Fox, Rubenstein, Wendland, & Timpano, 2013). However, though they are known to be unnecessary, the patient finds it hard and at times impossible to resist thoughts and actions (Murphy, Moya, Fox, Rubenstein, Wendland, & Timpano, 2013). These two symptoms are the main, and only, of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. While OCD has only two main characteristics, there are several subsets of the disorder. ... ... middle of paper ... ...n, W. K., Cicchetti, D., & Leckman, J. F. (1997). Children’s yale-brown obsessive compulsive scale: Reliability and validity. The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36 (6), 844-852. Starcevic, V., & Brakoulias, V. (2008). Symptom subtypes of obsessive-compulsive disorder: are they relevant for treatment?, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 48, 651-661. Stein, D. J. (2013). Obsessive compulsive disorder. South African Journal of Psychiatry, 19 (3), 180-186. Stein, D. J. (2002). Obsessive-compulsive disorder. The Lancet, 360, 397-405. Subramaniam, M., Soh, P., Vaingankar, J. A., Picco, L., & Chong, S. A. (2013), Quality of life in obsessive-compulsive disorder: Impact of the disorder and of treatment. CNS Drugs, 27, 367-383. Thomsen, Per Hove. (2013). Obsessive-compulsive disorders. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 22, S23-S28.

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