Observational Learning Theory

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Learning Learning is defined by psychologists as any change that occur in behavior due to experience. The behaviorism theory says that learning is the same for animals or humans. There are two type of learning: associative learning, which occurs when an individual put in relation two event, and the observational learning, which happens with observations and imitations. Conditioning, which is the procedure of learning the connection in the associative learning, is divided in classical and operant conditioning. The classical conditioning is when a neutral stimuli is associated with a natural stimuli in order to obtain the ability to produce the same response. Ivan Pavlov, a famous Russian psychologists, demonstrated how the environment…show more content…
Unlike the associative learning, the observation learning focuses also on what happen in the brain of the learner. Cognitive factors plays an important role in learning. For instance, the purposive behavior shows that goals have the ability to influence a person behavior and the insight learning shows that under pressure an individual have the ability to solve a problem without prior learning or conditioning. In addition to the cognitive factor, biological, cultural and psychological factors also play a role in learning. The anatomy of each organism allowed or limited him to some type of learning. Among the biological restraints, there are the instinctive drift which is the effect of the organism instinct on the reinforcement of a behavior, and there the preparedness which asserts that some animal are biological ready to learn in some ways. The cultural and psychological factors are present only when human is involved because human learning ability depend on what is thinking and where he comes…show more content…
Atkinson’s approach for the memory is that the storage occur in three separated pathways: sensory, short term, and long term memory. The sensory memory is the recording station, the short term memory is the station in which the data last for a period of time closer to 30 seconds, and then the long term memory is a station in which the data can last forever. In order to ameliorate the short term memory, the chunking process, which is to reduce the quantity of information by packing or grouping them, and rehearsal, the conscious repetition of information, can be used. The working memory is a type of memory that include attention and short term memory. The long term memory can be either an explicit memory or an implicit memory. The explicit memory is the memory that can be communicated and it can either be episodic or semantic memory. The part of the nervous system responsible for explicit memory are the hippocampus, the temporal lobes and other areas of the limbic system. The implicit memory is when a habit is changing due to prior experiences and two type of implicit memory are priming and procedural memory. The part of the nervous system responsible for the implicit memory is the

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