Type 2 diabetes is more common in developed countries. (Fehily, 1999). The population of obese individuals has gone up rapidly every year (Knight, 1984). During the past few decades, diabetes has gone up in many parts of the world and this is associated with increasing obesity (Fehily, 1999). Obesity is a condition of being overweight and is defined clinically by a body mass index (BMI).
Obesity and the metabolic syndrome in developing countries . The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 93(11), Popkin, B. (2004). The nutrition transition in the developing world. Development Policy Review, 21(5-6), 581-597.
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, Oct 2008; 162: 981 - 988. Goodman, E., Slap, G.B. , & Huand (2003). The Public Health Impact of Socioeconomic Status on Adolescent Depression and Obesity. American Journal of Public Health, 93(11) 1844-1850.
The Journal of Socio-Economics 38.2 (2009): 344-49. Print. Finkelstein, Eric A., Christopher J. Ruhm, and Katherine M. Kosa. "Economic Causes And Consequences Of Obesity." Annual Review of Public Health 26.1 (2005): 1-15.
A comparison of open and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery for morbid and super obesity: a decision-analysis model. American Journal of Surgery, 192. Smith, S. C., Edwards, C. B., Goodman, G. N., Halversen, R. C., & Simper, S. C. (2004). Open vs laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: Comparison of operative morbidity and mortality. Obesity Surgery, 14, 73-76.
Furthermore, the overweight and obesity epidemic is complex and difficult to address as it is triggered by numerous biological, behavioural and environmental factors as well as having the potential to occur at all stages throughout the lifespan. Another reason for its complexity and difficulty in being addressed is that it increases the future risks of other chronic lifestyle diseases, including, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer (Shetty, 2013; Beaumont et al, 2012), contributing to an estimate of 7.6 per cent of the total of burden of disease in 2003 (AIHW, 2008). Given the significant burden of disease and costs caused to the healthcare system by overweight and obesity, it shows that overweight and obesity is an urgent public health problem of which needs to be addressed. Overweight and obesit... ... middle of paper ... ...4. Retrieved from www.scopus.com • Alberga, A. S., Sigal, R. J., Goldfield, G., Prud Homme, D., & Kenny, G. P. (2012).
Around the world, over one billion adults and more than 10% of children are considered to obese. As the World Health Organization predicts, the number of obese children will increase to 700 million and nearly 2.3 billion adults by 2015. In addition, childhood obesity is correlated with a higher probability of becoming obese adults, premature death, and disability (Kaltra, De Sousa, Sonavane, & Shah, 2013). Many researchers believe that racial composition of communities associated with obesity and that obesity has a big impact on various subgroups in the United States. In a study, the researchers compared the mean body mass index values among the popular races.
American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 143(24):3016-3034. Caballero, Benjamin 2007 The global epidemic of obesity: an overview. Epidemiologic reviews 29(1):1-5. Cossrow, Nicole, and Bonita Falkner 2004 Race/ethnic issues in obesity and obesity-related comorbidities. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 89(6):2590-2594.
The increases in overweight and obesity cut across all ages, racial and ethnic groups, and both genders. This increase stems from a variety of factors, primarily more consumption of calories and less vigorous activity. Obesity greatly increases the risk of developing many serious medical conditions, including type 2 diabetes, atherosclerosis, hypertension, osteoarthritis, metabolic syndrome, sleep apnea, and certain forms of cancer (Davis 270). In 1999, 13% of children age 6 to 11 and 14% of adolescents age 12 to 19 were overweight. This prevalence has nearly... ... middle of paper ... ... Boneberger, Anja, Rudiger Von Kries, Astrid Milde-Busch, Gabriele Bolte, and Mascha Rochat.
Self-esteem and cognitive development in the era of the childhood obesity epidemic. Obesity Reviews, 9(6), 615-623. doi:10.1111/j.1467-789X.2008.00507.