Americans are becoming more obese due to the challenges of the economy because healthy food is overpriced, fast food restaurants at every corner, and not enough motivation to exercise. If we are going to make a change, we need to take baby steps. A healthy world is a happy world. Did you know, that obesity and overweight account for nearly one of every 10 American deaths, and they also drain our society of $223 billion a year? This simply means that obesity is the cause of most deaths in America.
Obesity is condition of being grossly fat or overweight. There are approximately ninety-seven million people overweight with a prevalence of women are 50% more then they are in men. For the world to stop obesity they would have to know the causes and factors of obesity, the negative effects, and how to prevent obesity. If the percentage of obese people keep rising the rate of death will also keep rising. Obesity doesn’t have to be such a big problem in the U.S if children and adults start eating healthier, exercising a moderate pace for thirty minutes, and keep there body in good condition.
Obesity is an epidemic defined as the abnormal or excessive fat accumulation of which millions of individuals around the world have fallen victim to. The disease is preventable but more than 65% of the world’s population live in areas where overweight and obesity kills more than underweight, 10% of the world’s adult population is clinically obese and 40 million children under the age of 5 are classified as being overweight. The statistics are horrifying but the effects are evident particularly in the United States of America where its affects are seen in every state. The obesity statistics in South Africa are no better. Currently 29% of men and 56% of women are classified as being overweight or obese and of those individuals 71% have never tried to cut down and 78% think that they are perfectly healthy.
Classifying who is obese and who isn’t obese is determined by percentages of body fat. Women with body fat above 32% and men with body fat over 25% are obese. Obesity alone causes 10% of deaths in America. Boys who are not adults with higher than 25% body fat are obese and girls who are not yet adults with higher than 30% body fat are considered obese. Obesity is the second leading cause of preventable deaths in America today.
Heart disease usually affects persons over age 60, but can be seen in people who are much younger for various reasons. This disease remains the number one cause of hospitalization and death in the adult population in western society (McCance and Huether, 1994). The purpose of this literature review is to investigate research dealing with the subject of increased serum iron levels and the prevalence of CAD. Medical journals were primarily used for research data due to the nature of the subject and the need for in-depth analysis. While it has the highest prevalence of any disease, women experience only 30-50% of the coronary artery disease incidence and mortality of age-matched men (Meyers, 1996).
Obesity means having too much body fat. It is not the same as being overweight, which means weighing too much. A person may be overweight from extra muscle, bone, or water, as well as from having too much fat. (Obesity definition) If you believe growing waistlines are a problem affecting only rich countries, think again. The latest data reveals that the number of overweight and obese people in the developing world has more than tripled – from about 250 million in 1980 to almost a billion by 2008.
But a majority of us are at an unhealthy weight because of poor diets and a lack of exercise. About 400,000 people in America die every year from weight problems (Kalb, 2). Now why would we not want to live longer, or look the ideal way we all praise? The sad thing is, money is more important to some people than their looks or even their lives. According to an organic food eater, “I eat more fruits and vegetables than most people, and they’re expensive” (Gollust, 1).
It appears this person does not need more food; they are wasting my taxpayer money. As a consequence angry tweets and Facebook postings ensue. Unknown to some people is the relationship between obesity and poverty. Rising costs of fruits and vegetables, falling costs of processed foods, physiological reactions to the mental stresses related to poverty, partnered with lack of nutritional guidance leads to increased obesity in today’s society. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), over one third of adults and about 17% of children in the United States are obese (2013).
If the food we consume contains mostly empty calories and few nutrients, our bodies’ performance levels will be far less than standard. Furthermore, if we over consume foods without properly assessing their nutritional value, our bodies will be unable to completely process it, ultimately leading to obesity. Since the 1980’s obesity rates around the world have risen significantly. In the United States, current statistics indicate that one in every three people is medically obese. This statistic has placed the United States as the second most obese country in the world, next to Mexico.
American Indians and Alaska Native adults are 2.3 times more likely to be diagnosed with diabetes as compared to non-Hispanic whites, while youth from ages 10-19 are 9 times more likely to be diagnosed with diabetes (“Diabetes…”, 2012). The rates of incidence and prevalence are significantly high in Native American populations. In fact, the Pima Indians of Arizona have the highest reported prevalence of type II diabetes of any population in the world (Acton et al., 2002). Approximately half of adult Pima Indians have type II diabetes, and about 95% of the individuals with diabetes are overweight (“Obesity…”, 2002). This high prevalence rate is due to a variety of factors, including genetics and changes in lifestyle habits from more traditional to more typically Western.