The inability to deal with change during this time often leads to anorexia, bulimia, or compulsive overeating. The American Academy of Family Physicians (2003) states, “People with anorexia starve themselves, avoid high-calorie foods and exercise constantly.” The person suffering from anorexia is abnormally sensitive about being fat or has a massive fear of becoming fat. Low self esteem and a constant need for acceptance commonly is seen in anorexics. Michel and Willard (2003) contend the most prevalent characteristic with this disorder is reduced calorie intake. The initial need to lose just a few pounds is somewhere forgotten and the cycle of the disorder takes over.
Anorexia Nervosa is an extremely abnormal fear of gaining weight, a distorted self image, a refusal to eat and severe weight loss. Ninety-five to eighty-five percent of cases of anorexia in the United States are female, five to fifteen percent are male. About one in every one hundred female adolescents has anorexia. One in every ten cases of anorexia ends in death. Anorexia is characterized by extreme weight loss and restrictive dieting.
Eating disorders are associated with an altered body image, displeasure with body weight, and unhealthy patterns of food consumption (Valentina, Markovic, Srdanovic & Mitrovic, 2010, 3). Anorexia is an eating disorder in which the individuals have lost more weight than what is considered healthy for their height and age. Their weight loss and food intake or what they lack in consumption is deliberate. They are extremely afraid of gaining weight and have specific methods for losing weight. These individuals workout excessively and usually go for the method of starvation, with a few purging tendencies.
Then there is purging, this happens after bingeing and it is a means of getting rid of the food by vomiting or using laxatives. Anorexia Nervosa is a disorder in which preoccupation with dieting and thinness leads to excessive weight loss. Anorexics have an intense fear of fat. (American Anorexia Bulimia Association, INC). People with anorexia, whom doctors sometimes call anorectics, severely limit their food intake.
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that makes people lose more weight than is considered healthy for their age and height. According to Harvard Children’s Health: People may exercise excessively or go to extreme measures to lose weight. People with anorexia nervosa do not eat enough and have an intense fear of being fat. Most people with anorexia do feel hunger but will take extreme steps to ignore it and diet anyway, often to the point of starvation. (Anorexia Nervosa) There is two types of anorexia nervosa; restricting and binging and purging.
To be diagnosed with anorexia nervosa, an individual must have a significantly low body weight due to food restriction as well as an unjustifiably acute fear weight gain. The patient must also possess a warped perception of their body, place a high value on weight or shape, or are in denial about their unhealthy condition (Comer, 2013). Many suffering from anorexia nervosa spend time thinking and reading about food (Comer, 2013). Anorexic patients tend to severely overestimate body size and have beliefs that support abstaining from ingesting food due to maladaptive thinking patterns (Comer, 2013). Sleep disruption conditions occur with Anorexia Nervosa (Comer, 2013).
Although anorexics, those suffering from anorexia, have this “nervous inability to eat,” it does not mean that they do not have an appetite—anorexics literally starve themselves. They feel that they cannot trust or believe their perceptions of hunger and satiation (Abraham, 2008). Anorexics lose at least 15 percent of normal weight for height (Michel, 2003). This amount of weight loss is significant enough to cause malnutrition with impairment of normal bodily functions and rational thinking (Lucas, 2004). Anorexics have an unrealistic view of their bodies—they believe that they are overweight, even if the mirror and friends or family say otherwise.
It focuses on its bad effect to the health of an individual and to the society. Perhaps you do not have this kind of eating disorder but you are definitely affected by it. Bulimia nervosa is a serious, potentially life-threatening eating disorder characterized by a secretive cycle of bingeing and purging. Binge eating is the uncontrolled consumption of large amounts of food lasting a few minutes to several hours. Purging or ridding the body of food eaten during a binge through self-induced vomiting, laxatives, fasting, severe diets, or vigorous exercise follows this.
Individuals that suffer from Anorexia Nervosa are over critical of self-image and they feel like their weight is a measure of their self worth. (Schullherr, Eating Disorders For Dummies) These individuals often deny that they are too thin. In females, they will quit h... ... middle of paper ... ...t) In closing, Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa both have severe repercussions on the affected individual’s health and psychological well being. These two eating disorders not only affect their physical health, but also have severe, long-term psychological effects. If individuals that are suffering from either eating disorder go without treatment, the disease can become detrimental to their health.
Eating Disorders Eating disorders are among one of the worse disorder, it can cause physical harm to the body. The most common eating disorders are Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder. Individuals with anorexia nervous are described of having a fear of being fat even with a low weight, including the BMI (Body Mass Index). Anorexia nervosa includes having a lack of appetite, it is hard for individuals to hide this disorder. The body shows significant sign of weight loss including brittle hair and nails due to the lack of vitamins and nutrition.