Compared to other ethnicities, Hispanic Latino women were 1.36 times more likely to be overweight/obese than non-Hispanic white women (Vahratian, 2009). The primary causes of the obesity epidemic is generally an excessive amount of caloric intake, unhealthy eating habits, and lack of physical exercise (“Obesity in latino,” 2006). Obesity in this minority group causes many underlying health issues such as high blood pressure, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, and some forms of cancers. Obesity not only effects the wellbeing of individuals, but also has an economic burden on society and healthcare. According to the CDC (2012), indirect and direct costs of obesity within the United States cost approximately 147 billion dollars.
Eisenberg, M. Neumark-Sztainer, D., Story, M., and C. Perry (2004). The Role of Social Norms and Friends’ influences on Unhealthy Weight-control Behaviors among Adolescent Girls. Social Science and Medicine, 60(6), p1165-1173. Garry, J., Morrissey, S., and L.Whetstone (2002). Substance Use and Weight Loss Tactics among Middle School Youth.
The average was 31 ± 5 years of age with 15 ± 2 years of ed... ... middle of paper ... ...’s health. Articles: 1. Yeo, S., Cisewski, J., Lock, E. F., & Marron, J. S. (2010). Exploratory analysis of exercise adherence patterns with sedentary pregnant women. Nursing Research, 59(4), 280-287. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NNR.0b013e3181dbbd61 2.
The Psychosocial Factors Related to Obesity: A Study Among Overweight, Obese, and Morbidly Obese Women in India. Women & Health, 55(6), 623-645. doi:10.1080/03630242.2015.1039180 Dietz, W. H. (1998). Health consequences of obesity in youth: childhood predictors of adult disease. Pediatrics, 101(Supplement 2), 518-525. Friis, R. H., & Sellers, T. A.
Negative implications surrounding the acceptance of body image have introduced an array of challenges and risks to the well being of female students within higher education. Grounded in the process of cognitive development, the pressure to alter oneself to fit the expectations of society’s image of beauty initiates a dissonance between self-acceptance and personal sense-of-belonging (Kopp & Zimmer-Gembeck, 2011, p. 222). This disconnect can be suggested through influences such as autonomous persuasion captured among exterior interpretation, as well as, the prolonged ambition to assume a role within peer affiliation (Tylka & Subich, 2004, p. 314). Overall, such need for acceptance drives participants to abandon healthy self-regulation and principles to acquire assurance within “objectifying” (Tylka & Subich, 2004, p. 315) demands (Kopp & Zimmer-Gembeck, 2011). The following literature review will discuss the existence of recognized negative body image behavior within the realm of higher education.
Parental influences on elite aesthetic athletes’ body image dissatisfaction and disordered eating. Journal Of Child And Family Studies, 22(8), 1082-1091. doi:10.1007/s10826-012-9670-5 Mond, J. M., Hay, P. J., Rodgers, B., & Owen, C. (2009). Comparing the health burden of eating-disordered behavior and overweight in women. Journal Of Women's Health, 18(7), 1081-1089. doi:10.1089/jwh.2008.1174 Mond, J., Myers, T., Crosby, R., Hay, P., & Mitchell, J. (2008).
The recent obesity epidemic in the United States has wide-ranging implications, and as more literature further validates this phenomenon, we can observe obesity’s real effects on the nation’s level of health and labor market outcomes. Economically, obesity drains valuable resources from the nation’s healthcare budget, decreases worker productivity through an increased number of missed work days, and forces employers to spend more on their health care plans for overweight employees. These factors prove that obesity forces taxpayers to forgo valuable income and consumption in order to subsidize higher medical costs and treatments for the obese. According to Baum and Ford, “currently about one in three [Americans] are overweight and one in five obese” (2004, p. 885). These statistics are worrisome to economists and employers alike, and they warn us that the current rates are unsustainable.
Prominence of Obesity among People with Disabilities Consciousness of the relationship between disability and obesity is crucial for good public health today. It is an important subject, particularly in the contemporary society where obesity and overweight have become a major health concern. Researchers are increasingly shifting focus on this in pursuit to address the concern that people with disabilities are at a comparatively higher risk of developing the condition (Gannotti & Veneri, 2007). It is necessary to have concise knowledge of the relationship in order to devise counteractive measures. This paper presents an evaluation of the relationship between the chances of people with disabilities becoming diabetic, which is the initial step towards devising counter measures.
Sandra B. Dunbar, RN, DSN, FAAN is a professor in the Department of Adult and Elder Health Nursing at the Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing at Emory University in Atlanta, GA. This quantitative study utilizes many variables in attempt to ascertain whether a correlation exists between sleep, hunger, satiety and obesity in adolescents. As discussed in Polit & Beck, the independent variables can be described as the cause, and the dependent variable is the effect (43). In this particular study, the dependent variable is the total sleep time. The independent variables are total caloric intake, food cravings and hunger satiety.
Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 35(1), 63-79. Stearns, J. M., Borna, S., Sundaram, S. (2001). The effects of obesity, gender and specialty on perceptions of physicians’ social influence. Journal of Services Marketing 15(3), 240-250.