Nietzsche’s Perspectivism and Philosophical Skepticism: A Comparison

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Since the idea of truth came to being by the previous thought of ancient times, many philosophers have developed their ideas on this notion. They ask themselves questions such as: “What is truth? Does a universal truth exist? Are their countless truths? Is it possible to know?” This is a major debate amongst philosophers and it really separates them within their belief systems. Many names have been given to the different thoughts: Relativism, Skepticism, Dogmatism, and Perspectivism. These thoughts are just a few major classifications from some of the great thinkers on truth. The ones in focus are relative to Friedrich Nietzsche and his modern developments on the idea of truth. After exploration through the thought and philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche it can be mesmerizing to grasp a firm hold onto viewpoints in contrast with many philosophers. Much of the content throughout his works can be perceived various ways and he even suggests that one does not have to accept it. The idea of perspectivism is developed by him throughout his works. This philosophical viewpoint makes the statement that all ideas are from different perspectives and that there is no definite truth, but not all perspectives are equal or true. He championed argument and felt that created agon, contest, which motivates and challenges people in the Genealogy of Morality (174-81). The idea of perspectivism can be contrasted again by looking at relativism which states that all views are equal and there is no absolute truth. Skepticism on the other hand could be closer in relation. Skepticism in philosophical thought is grounded on the idea that there is no certainty. This does not make the statement that there is no truth, but rather when it comes to human knowledge... ... middle of paper ... ... Works Cited Ain, Philip J. “Nietzsche, Skepticism AND Eternal Recurrence." Canadian Journal of Philosophy 13, (September 1, 1983): 365-388. Philosopher's Index, EBSCOhost (accessed November 8, 2013). Nietzsche, F. W., & Kaufmann, W. (1974). The Gay Science. New York: Random House, LLC. (Original work published 1882) Nietzsche, F. W., & Kaufmann, W. (1967). Will to Power. New York: Random House, LLC. (Original work published 1901) Trakakis, Nick. "Nietzsche's Perspectivism and Problems of Self-Refutation." International Philosophical Quarterly 46:1, no. 181 (March 1, 2006): 91-110. Philosopher's Index, EBSCOhost (accessed November 12, 2013). Welson, Rex. “Skepticism, Antirealism, and Perspectivism in Nietzsche’s Epistemology.” Journal of Nietzsche Studies 37, (March 1, 2009): 23-43. Philosopher’s Index, EBSCOhost (accessed October 15, 2013).

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