Print. Grendler, Paul F. et al. Encyclopedia of the Renaissance, Volume One: Abrabanel-Civility. New York, New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1999. Print.
Oxford: Oxford UP, 1995. Print. Thackeray, William Makepeace, and Nicholas Dames. Vanity Fair. New York: Barnes & Noble Classics, 2003.
Aldous Huxley: A Biography. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 2004.print Brander, Laurence. Aldous Huxley: A Critical Study. Lewisburg, PA.: Bucknell University Press, 1970. Print Firchow, Peter.
Machiavelli thoroughly states that anything and everything must be done to keep the peace of the masses, even if acts of immorality are used. However, instead of advocating immorality, Machiavelli is saying that to serve the people and the state well, a ruler must not restrict himself to conventional standards of morality. His use of immoral tactics in leadership would appear to be unpopular; however the acts of immorality have limitations and are done solely to avoid displeasing the masses or creating disorder. Therefore it is acceptable to practice immorality if it is done only to a small number of constituents, if it is not repeated, and if it is performed to please and benefit the public. It is these limitations that prove Machiavelli is arguing that the use of immoral tactics, to rule the people and in turn be ruled by the people, is needed.
If your people can’t stand you, you will not be in a position of greatness, and if it comes down to it Machiavelli says “it’s better to be feared then hated”. Machiavelli’s point for aspiring leaders is that they must adopt a new morality and virtu when ruling, basically stating that if you cannot get your hands dirty you should not bother going into politics. He argues that the prince’s only obligation is to protect his state, by any means necessary, and to never relax as the state is always under threat. Machiavelli says that when it comes to ruling, you should rule with the single focus of war, whenever you are at war with someone it distracts the masses from what you’re doing. If you are a leader you must be good at waging wars, for that demonstrates your skills as a leader that is willing to protect the people of your
Instead of holding power and forcing rules, Lao-Tzu wishes to teach simplicity, patience, and compassions. He views the latter as "the greatest treasures" and if one has the three qualities, one will be a better person. Although similarities between Machiavelli and Lao-Tzu may be difficult to detect, their views are both very extreme. Machiavelli believes that the prince should have total control and do anything to gain power; however, Lao-Tzu desires a political system in which everything runs its own course.