The Pros of Prenatal Genetic Testing
Many medical advances are being made today in the area of genetics. One of the most talked about is prenatal genetic testing. The purpose of prenatal genetic testing is to obtain information on a baby's health before they are born. This new technology will definitely improve the quality of human life. Diseases will be diminished and through new advances some diseases might even be eliminated.
Jeffrey S. Dungan &; Sherman Elias (Last revision 2008). "Prenatal diagnostic testing". Merck manual home health handbook.
"Screening Creates Disease Free Baby." Medicine, Health, and Bioethics: Essential Primary Sources. Ed. K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner. Detroit: Gale, 2006. 477-479. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 13 Jan. 2014.
Genetic testing, also known as screening, is a rapidly advancing new scientific field that can potentially revolutionize not only the world of medicine, but many aspects of our lives. Genetic screening is the sequencing of human DNA in order to discover genetic differences, anomalies, or mutations that may prove pathological. As genetic screening becomes more advanced and easily accessible, it presents society with difficult questions that must be asked about the boundaries of science and to what degree we are allowed to tamper with the human genome. To better understand the potential impact of genetic screening on our society, we must examine the potential benefits in comparison to the possible negative impact it may cause. With this knowledge in hand, we can examine what the future holds for this field of study and the best possible direction to take.
The Genetic Screening Debate
Within the past thirty years, researchers have found strong evidence linking genes and disease. The development of predictive genetic tests followed shortly after the isolation of certain candidate genes. Although predictive genetic screening is only available for a handful of diseases, its effects and ramifications have become hotly debated issues in a wide range of areas, from government to religion. The debate began in the 1993 when researchers isolated the BRCA1 gene, which is associated with increased risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer.
Owing to a new era in medical advancements, expecting parents have numerous opportunities to monitor and test the health of both the pregnant woman and the infant. Parental procedures for the diagnosis of foetal genetic disorders offer families valuable knowledge of the genetic makeup of their child.
Genetic testing before or during pregnancy is something that I strongly agree with and is something I suggest everyone should do. Genetic testing is taking that extra precaution before or during birth. By performing this type of testing before/during getting pregnant it can catch certain disorders you might have. These tests show whether you have an increase or decrease change of having a child with genetic abnormality. I personally would get these types of testing to give me the extra reassurance for a healthy baby. I feel that many things can go wrong during birth and consider that everyone gets genetic testing before thinking about having kids. These genetics tests are to help us through the process of birth. You can perform genetic testing
The technologies available to aid in diagnosing genetic diseases and disorders have developed extraordinarily over the years. As a result, one topic up for discussion is how the technology should be used in the realm of diagnosing children before birth, mainly, using it to selectively screen embryos for genetic diseases. Leon Kass is one author who opposes genetic testing. He provides two main reasons why he feels it is morally wrong to use genetic screening on unborn children.
In recent years, genetic testing has become a popular topic in the media. Usually involving cheek swabs, blood samples, or amniotic fluid samples, the procedure is relatively simple and can help diagnose genetic disorders, determine ideal medication types, or simply determine the patient’s heritage. It has saved many lives from cancer and other afflictions, but to say that genetic testing is always the correct choice is false. There are many issues with the tests, considering that they are new to the medical world. Genetic testing is mostly harmful because of privacy concerns, how underdeveloped it is, and the risk of it pushing a mother to abort her child.
Every newborn is examined by a physician to make sure everything is optimal at birth. A series of newborn screening tests are additionally done to infants for consecutive months to check for “developmental, genetic, and metabolic disorders in the newborn baby. This allows steps to be taken before symptoms develop. Most of these illnesses are very rare, but can be treated if caught early” (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2014 ). According to the Centers for Disease and Control Prevention (2013), “each state runs its own newborn screening program.” Most states have common screening programs which test the blood, hearing, and screening for congenital heart defects.