These differences led to variations in government, religious practices, social culture, and most notably the economic variants of northern and southern settlements. One of the largest differences in the early settlements of New England and the south were the people who started the settlements. Massachusetts, settled by Puritans and Plymouth settled by Separatists were settled for the main reason of freedom from the Church of England. In comparison, the southern settlement of Virginia was founded by a joint stock company, the London Company, whose main interest was economic gain for themselves and for their investors. Though colonies of New England and the south were both originally settled by predominately Protestant founders, the colonies differed in values and purpose.
Through their economical systems, governing strategies and populations, the New England and Chesapeake regions grew into very separate societies, although, it was expected. The two groups originally settled their parallels with different opportunities in mind, different goals to accomplish. From these ideals, they moderated every aspect of their society, making this the significant cause of the large contrast between the two settlements. The settlers of the Chesapeake sought a fortune, and built a society from their initial goal, while the settlers of New England sought religious salvation and created communities based on their beliefs. The difference between the ideals of religious and economic gain established two, discrete regions, despite their similarity in English background.
The Reformation Religion played a very crucial part in education both in the conduct of the institutions and in the curriculum. Bible reading and prayer remained a major part of school well into the national period, when control of education was drifting away from sectarian authorities. A debate was brought to local school boards by modern American delegate authorities, so the government allowed private individuals and residues groups to establish schools of their own. This happened because the government failed to support schools with tax revenues. Because of the governments failure numerous religious sects demanded the freedom to educate their children in their own way.
Unique motives created unique conflicts in the two areas. Both those of New England who questioned the stringent order and those of the Chesapeake who opposed class differences felt oppressed. Early New England colonists wanted to create a religiously based utopian society, which brought the Church to the center of colonial life and governmental choices. At the time, many English people did not adhere to traditional Catholicism, instead becoming Puritans or Separatists. The Puritans hoped to reform and purify the English Church, whereas the Separatists wanted to create independent congregations.
These economic differences from the colonial period brought about the political division that was based on preserving each other’s own wealth or property and eventually caused the Civil War. The economic differences between the North and the South were already formed during the American colonial period under the Britain. The Britain used American colonies for raising the British’s economic prosperity. For instance, they used their colonies to grow crops that did not grow in the Britain due to geographical reasons. Tobacco was one of the profitable crops, which was well grown in the southern region of North America.
One of the major differences between the colonies of the Chesapeake Bay region and the New England colonies is in their view on religion. The very reason that the Pilgrims journeyed to this new land was to escape religious persecution and set up a haven for people of their faith. In contrast the colonies of the Chesapeake Bay region where established by people who where looking for fame and fortune rather than spiritual enlightenment. This fundamental difference is one of the major reasons that these colonies developed so differently. People in the New England colonies generally knew their neighbors because they worked and prayed with them.
These new sects resulted in a stronger tolerance toward religious diversity. Also, because revivalists preached mainly to backcountry people who had no religious affiliation, the emphasis on emotion rather than wisdom gave less-educated people a feeling of self-worth. These new freethinking converts gained the strength to begin questioning social and political order. The movements of the Enlightenment and the Great Awakening mainly produced a new mode of thought for American colonists.
The colonies of New England and Chesapeake sprouted from a common origin and spoke the same tongue yet had little in common with each other. Despite geographic and demographic differences in the Chesapeake and New England colonies, the most influential factor in determining why each colony developed differently was each colony's motives. It was through this motivational difference that distinctly divided the New World into the North and South. When immigrants fled form England due to religious persecution, they sailed to the New World and founded colonies such as Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and New England as model Christian societies. They believed in constructing "cities upon hills," as John Winthrop put it, to guide those lost in the darkness of sin in England.
From colonial times there were differences in geography that gave rise to variations in culture and economy in the United States. Due to the differing characteristics, a sectional economy molded the United States into two distinct regions: the north and the south. The north, a commercial society, which supported industry and commerce while the south, an agrarian civilization, flourished in the production of raw materials with use of slaves. The two economies were both self-supporting and capable to create a stronger, more productive nation. The regional differences sought to build America, in turn threatened to destroy it.
They wanted to form a perfect society were they could purify the wrongs that were being done within the Church of England. Because the Colonies were founded upon different reasons the people within the colonies spawned different political views. The political system was set up differently in the two different areas, mostly because of their different religious beliefs. The New England colonies set up a Religious based Oligarchy; the people based all their laws on the rules of their religion. In the New England colonies they set-up town meetings where any man that believed in the religion could vote, this stopped many people so they soon developed the Half-way covenant, to include the people who said they woul... ... middle of paper ... ...tributed to change in the political aspects of colonial settlers' lives were the house of burgess, town meetings, and foreign relations.