The seventeenth century was a time of great change in colonial America. Virginia, the first colony in the Chesapeake region, was established in 1624. Plymouth, the first colony in New England, was established in 1620. These two regions developed in distinct ways, but were intertwined because of their ties to England. The Chesapeake colonies were established for economic reasons, as the Virginia Company of London looked to mass-produce cash crops in the new world. The New England colonies, however, were created to be a religious haven for those who opposed the English church. Both regions developed economic and political systems that catered to the desires of the respective populations and the geographical conditions. The Chesapeake and New England regions were both essential to Triangular Trade, but they contributed in different ways due to their differing economic systems. Also, due to these different economic systems, two types of governments emerged in the regions, both helping to lay out the foundation for …show more content…
In the Chesapeake region, Bacon’s Rebellion of 1676 led to major changes. This rebellion involved indentured servants revolting against the system, which put an end to indentured servitude and nearly annihilated the city of Jamestown. The servants believed their natural rights had been violated, so they rose up in revolution. As landowners began to fear mutinous servants, the plantation system expanded significantly. This relied heavily on the use of slaves from Africa, and greatly sped up the production of cash crops in the region. By 1699, slaves made up 14% of the Virginian population, a number that was increasing rapidly. Also, due to the increases in cash crop production, the Chesapeake colonies were able to become an even more important part of Triangular Trade, as they now traded cash crops for
Between 1491 and 1754, the New England, middle, Chesapeake, and southern colonies developed in a way such that they must be viewed as four distinct societies with interlacing interactions and beliefs. These different societies were shaped by the different labor systems and economic characteristics, varying groups of religious founders, and response to salutary neglect and British taxation.
When immigrants fled form England due to religious persecution, they sailed to the New World and founded colonies such as Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and New England as model Christian societies. They believed in constructing "cities upon hills," as John Winthrop put it, to guide those lost in the darkness of sin in England. Being founded by strict religious followers led the colony of New England to have very religious values and ethics. Document B displays a list of Emigrants bound for New England, most of which are groups of large families . The arrangement of families in towns created a tight knit community, which allowed a democratic government to form, were each person in the community had input, thus making an effective government. Virginia on the other hand developed distinctly differently. As document C shows, a list of emigrants bound for Virginia displays near to a 3:1 ratio of men to women and now families whatsoever . This difference affected the way the Chesapeake colony evolved. Without a family to invest in, men of the Chesapeake usually returned their proceeds back into the land, which they reaped it from. This created a community separated by vast plantations, which had little unity and no collaboration, thus making it difficult to produce an effective and democratic government. These demographic differences indeed differentiated the New England colony from the Chesapeake colony, but more distinct differences were found in each colony's geographic diversity.
The political characteristics in the Chesapeake resemble much of the mother country. We had the royal governor (somewhat like the king), Virginian Royal Council, and the House of Burgesses (acted like Parliament) which was more of an aristocracy. Now in the New England colony the Americans were able to form the first democracy. Instead of having someone appointed to govern they had an election to appoint people to govern. The political characteristics included a governor, the General Court, and the town meeting which on consisted of selectman.
One of the two first colonies established in the new world was The Chesapeake Bay colonies which included Virginia, Maryland, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. The second was the Massachusetts Bay colonies including what now is the present-day central New England, portions of the U.S. states of Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. The colonies are very similar but also different in their own distinct ways. The differences gave the colonies identities. A big resemblance between the colonies is that both left to create a new life out of England. Both settlements represented a new time of independence and development of religion. Mutually both groups went through a lot of suffering and pain in the accomplishment of such
The Chesapeake region and New England colonies greatly differed in their development of their two distinct societies. The Chesapeake region was a loosely fitted society with little connection with each plantation while the New England colonies had tightly knitted communities with a sort of town pride. The difference in unity and the reason for this difference best explain the significant disparity between the dissimilar societies.
A major difference in the Massachusetts Bay Colony and the Chesapeake Colony was that Massachusetts was based on religion, when in the Chesapeake they didn’t really think of religion, more of how they were doing economically. They had fertile land, and a climate that was great for farming. They had tobacco, corn, indigo and many more crops. Tobacco The demand for slave trade rose because they made plantations which needed slaves to work in order for them to make their
The Virginia House of Burgesses was a system of representative government created by the Virginia Company, first convened in 1619. It could make laws and levy taxes; however, the English governor and council could veto its acts. New England’s Town Meetings were the main institution of local government in a Yeoman Society in which most adult men had a vote. (1630-1700). Both were significant because they are both institution of governments created by the people to represent the people. The Virginia House of Burgesses attracted the migrants and the Town Meetings were created to fit the need of the Purtians’
As stated in Document A, unity was encouraged among New Englanders, which developed into close societies. The close societies often built a bond of trust within the community, knowing that neighbors would come together during times of danger. Document A also stresses the importance of working together as one, and to promote the welfare of the community. By doing so, the community is allowed to strive and flourish. On the contrary, Document F supports the idea that there was little unity within the Chesapeake societies. Document F asserts, “There was no talk…but dig gold, wash gold, refine gold, load gold…” Shown in Documents B and D, the emigrants to New England were often whole families. Families in the society resulted in population increases because of higher reproduction rates. The higher reproduction rates allowed for more stable societies. As Documents C, F, and G assert, the Chesapeake region consisted mainly of single men and few women. Few women in the area resulted in a small number of families, l...
While both the people of the New England region and of the Chesapeake region descended from the same English origin, by 1700 both regions had traveled in two diverse directions. Since both of these groups were beset with issues that were unique to their regions and due to their exposure to different circumstances, each was forced to rethink and reconstruct their societies. As a result, the differences in the motivation, geography, and government in the New England and Chesapeake regions caused great divergence in the development of each.
The political difference between the New England and Chesapeake region was that New England government associate more with religious matter than the Chesapeake government. The New England regions included the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the Plymouth colony, the New Hampshire colony, Maine colony, Connecticut colony, and Rhode Island colony. Massachusetts colony for example was governed as a theocracy government. As the first governor of Massachusetts colony once stated in A Model of Christian Charity (Written on board the Arbella on the Atlantic Ocean, 1630),"we shall be as a city upon a hill" a holy commonwealth that could be served as an example community to the rest of the world. The Massachusetts Bay colony placed great importance on religious matters. Only the church member were allowed to vote or held office position. Those who held office position would enforce the law requiring attendance at services. Jamestown, Maryland and the Carolinas were some colonies in the Chesapeake regions. The governments in these regions were less concerned about...
In the early stages of North American colonization by the English, the colony of Jamestown, Virginia was founded in 1607 (Mailer Handout 1 (6)). Soon after the Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded in 1629 (Mailer Handout 2 (1)). These two colonies, although close in the time they were founded, have many differences in aspects of their lives and the way they were settled. The colonies have a different religious system, economic system, political system, and they have a different way of doing things; whether that be pertaining to making money, practicing religion, or electing governors. Along with the differences, there are also a sameness between these two colonies. Each colony has been derived from England and has been founded by companies
The Chesapeake region of the colonies included Virginia, Maryland, the New Jerseys (both East and West) and Pennsylvania. In 1607, Jamestown, the first English colony in the New World (that is, the first to thrive and prosper), was founded by a group of 104 settlers to a peninsula along the James River. These settlers hoped to find gold, silver, a northwest passage to Asia, a cure for syphilis, or any other valuables they might take back to Europe and make a profit. Lead by Captain John Smith, who "outmaneuvered other members of the colony's ruling and took ruthlessly took charge" (Liberty Equality Power, p. 57), a few lucky members of the original voyage survived. These survivors turned to the local Powhatan Indians, who taught them the process of corn- and tobacco-growing. These staple-crops flourished throughout all five of these colonies.
The American colonies new England ,middle and southern colonies were very similar but different.The New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies grew differently over the period on 1619-1760. The three sets of colonies will prove that they were all different. There is hugely different between each other and style to lived. Such as, economics and agriculture.In this essay,
In 1606, King James I created the Virginia Company to attempt to free England from dependence. Both the London and Plymouth group parallels were colonized and developed as English colonies. Despite the fact that the English settlers of the New England and Chesapeake regions had similar colonial development, by the eighteenth century they had become into two, individual societies. The gentries who settled the London group parallels and the Puritans who settled the Plymouth group parallels began to grow differently from the start, as their economical, leadership and social viewpoints arose.