(Wells, 62) This is was also a way of mocking the human race- our ways of determining what exactly is beautiful and attractive are out of line and ridiculous, similar to the way this is. The beasts are envious of becoming something they shouldn’t be- humans (or five fingered beings) similarly to the way that many people in our society strive to represent society’s false standards. The novel The Island of Dr.Moreau proposes certain phil... ... middle of paper ... ...s Nature.” Humans were created by nature, and so if humans were created by a remorseless being, that is exactly what humans are as well- avaricious, careless and hard-bitten. This would imply that it is by nature that we do such tasks as hurt other beings in order to for our well being and for our sake of grand knowledge. Another thought that is risen by this novel is the thought of perception.
For example, certain enzymes and other proteins, such as hemoglobin, are virtually identical in both humans and chimpanzees. (Mayr, 2001) It is thought that the most important event in human history occurred in the step from the Australopi... ... middle of paper ... ... controlled by the randomness of chance. The answers to our existence may not always be out of reach, but in the meantime, it can not hurt to tell stories of our creation and hope that these stories are sufficient enough to satisfy our hunger for purpose. Citations The Holy Quran: Translation and Commentary. Edited by A. Yusuf Ali.
Ironically, throughout history those in power who develop many moral laws for society are ones who partake in the underground world of society’s forbidden fruits, which is what troubles Freud and many others. Both Freud and Nietzsche find flaws with human morality, but Freud is the one who attempts finding a solution. On The Genealogy of Morals is one long story about the triumph of values that should not triumph. Nietzsche believes we value common man for no good reason (Nietzsche 28). Freud in Civilization and its Discontents, attempts to break down how our moral standards have developed from society and our instincts, while attempting to create a solution to salvage civilization, because although Freud is not an enemy of society, he does believe it can be improved.
When it comes to the needless torture of animals that we claim to benefit, the animals lives need to be taken into consideration. S. F. Sapontzis gives his theory as to why animals should not be used in testing. To start with, animals are not capable of giving their consent to be used as subjects in an experiment. Secondly, "experiments can only be performed on an individual who is willing, morally speaking. Therefore it is immoral to use animals in experiments" (Sapontzis 209).
Cited in Richardson, K.  ‘Evolution and Development’, in Oates, J (ed.) The foundations of development, Oxford, Blackwell/ The Open University p.62. Weinstein, A.  How Unknown Was Mendel's Paper? Journal of the History of Biology 10, 341-364.
Darwin’s view that morality stems from evolution is problematic because it means that one can alter their morals to suit their needs, and adopting Nietzsche’s belief of noble morality can be dangerous because doing as one pleases can not only endanger the said person but also society. Unlike Nietzsche, Darwin does not discredit selflessness but instead embraces it. In the Descent of Man, Ch 4: Comparison of the Mental Powers of Man and the Lower Animals, Darwin states that “we are thus impelled to relieve the sufferings of another, in order that our own painful feelings may be at the same time relieved. In like manner we are led... ... middle of paper ... .... For me, it is as simple as that and it is not a bad thing. Even as an altruistic person who has thousands of hours of volunteer work under her belt, I do it not only because I enjoy helping others and have the resources to do so, but also because it makes me feel like a better person.
There are those scientists who believe that we act on instinct alone based solely on our genetic makeup. This is a rather dangerous view because it relieves us of the responsibility we must all have for our own actions. Using the reason that one can’t control one’s behavior, they were simply born with a predisposition toward violence could be used as an excuse to commit violent crimes. Although we certainly have some genetic predispositions toward things like hair and eye color, certain diseases, and so on, it is not our genetic code that determines our life path for us. The Nurture Argument On the other side of the argument, the nurture proponents are certain that the environment in which we are raised holds far greater sway with the people we become.
Twins may be mystifying to most the general population, but they are very interesting to scientists studying genetics. Today twin study is the major source of information fueling the scientific debate of nature verses nurture. Nature refers to traits genetic or inherited from parents and nurture refers to all traits non-genetic or stemming from the environment. The answers received from this debate help to define human differences. Understanding these differences... ... middle of paper ... ...nbsp; Imitation arises as another complication associated with twin studies.
He displays far more humane qualities than those of his creator and desperately yearns for inclusion among society. His longing to feel accepted only results in another brutal assault, leaving the monster vulnerable and despondent. It is humanities inhumanity to man that turned the creation into a monster. Shelley has characterized the creation this way to comment on the harsh treatment of those who are different within society whilst conveying the values which humanity should be upholding. Like Frankenstein, the replicants in ... ... middle of paper ... ...er supporting the environmentalist movement of that time.
Freud altered traditional thinking through his studies of the human subconscious and how the mind works. Freud and Darwin changed the way people thought about religion, human behavior, and morality through their scientific discoveries. Freud theorized that the unconscious mind and the rational mind were conflicting with each other, with the morals that one believes in preventing the unconscious desires from overpowering the mind. Charles Darwin theorized that all life comes from a single species, which reproduced and evolved over time as to adapt to survive, causing other species to be created as the differences grew larger. Between 1850 and 1950 science and human perception of everyday characteristics were changed drastically by both scientists.