This is the primary statute governing air quality in the United States. It assigns responsibilities to government and industry to reduce emissions from pollution sources such as automobiles, refineries, chemical plants, and power plants. However, it seems as though every solution to meet the stringent requirements poses another problem. The Clean Air Act has been amended several times, and most recently it is to be amended to ban MTBE’s by the year 2002.
The reason the river catches fire was due to it being so polluted and just a year later Nixon signed the presidential order to create the EPA. Another by-product of the Cuyahoga River fire was the passing of the Clean Water and the great Lakes Quality Agreement and this was the beginning of having higher standards and regulations in protecting the environment thru new laws. Another good law that was signed by President Nixon was the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1970. This act requires all federal organizati... ... middle of paper ... ...ervous system damage in animal studies, still remains in use today. Criminal enforcement of the environmental regulations has radically gotten bigger ever since the passing of the Superfund law in the 1980.
"There are an estimated 400 tanker trucks used to carry water and supplies to and from the sites" (Linda Dong). Fracking companies should not be allowed to slip by National Environmental Laws because they are set for our safety. The Government needs to enforce the regulations set by the EPA for the health of US citizens, and for the preservation of our ozone layer. With an extra 1.65% of fracking pollution, people are being put at a higher risk of cancer, organ damage, nervous system disorders and even death. Our ozone layer- which is not only being tarnished by fracking, but also the process of building a fracking site- needs to be cared for.
Much of Earth’s water is contaminated with chemicals and more water is being polluted each day. The sad fact is that the pollutants are being dumped into the water by man himself. We are slowly, and knowingly, killing off our own kind. Industrial processes all over the world are contaminating fresh water sources with biochemical waste. This waste makes its way into homes is causing unspeakable illnesses and in too many cases death.
Clean Up Of Chemical Waste Chemical spills are major problems that haunt the environment. Strict government regulation are trying help this problem, but governmental leaders face many challenges. Disposal of harmful chemicals is often difficult and costly. Since chemical waste has destroyed the environment, steps are being taken to prevent further pollution, Like the Yucca mountain project. A local based pharmaceutical company named Novo Nordisk released its 1999 environmental report.
They are the rulemakers, enforcer and adjudicator of government regulations. The Alumina Incorporation was fined by Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for breaking a regulatory law. "One of the first steps taken at the federal level in response to concerns about the environment was the establishment of the Environment Protection Agency (EPA) in 1970," (Reed & et al, 2005, chap 17). The public demanded cleaner water, air and land. The agency helped establish guidelines and laws protecting the environment for the public.
While Reilly blames the EPA for wasting money, Williams gets more specific and blames Superfund’s contractors for overcharging the EPA (Williams, 249). Williams believes if polluters are not strictly held responsible, and if the EPA is forced to pay a portion, Superfund will turn into a public-works program (Williams, 252). He does not believe the government should be responsible for companies’ messes. He states citizen will then pay twice- “once with their environment and once with their tax money” (Williams, 252). He explains the insurance companies want to rewrite Superfund so taxpayers are the ones who pay for the cleanups rather than them (Williams, 252).
In 1970, the EPA was created by President Nixon to protect the public health and environment. The cancer-causing DDT was banned in 1972 and was found accumulating in the food chain. The use of lead in gasoline was phased out in '73 which caused lead levels to drop 98%. In '74 the agency required drinking water to be physically and chemically treated. CFCs were banned in '78 and a nation-wide toxic waste site cleanup program was developed in 1980.
Soon the government responded with the creation of several laws to regulate environmental pollution and protect natural resources. The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, The Federal Water Pollution Control Act of 1972, and Upper Mississippi River Management Act of 1986 were all acts founded due to the movement. The time period also gave birth to the Clean Water and Clean Air Acts and the first Earth Day. (1)The Clean Water Act is the primary federal law in the US governing water pollution. Their goals are to restore and maintain the chemical, physical and biological integrity of the nation’s waters, to eliminate the discharge of pollutants into navigable waters by 1985, and to make all waters swimmable and fishable .The CWA is one of the most important laws protecting the quality of the Mississippi River.
Introduction This September, President Obama issued a request to withdraw the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) recommended revision of the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for ground-level ozone from 75 parts per billion (ppb) to 60 ppb. In 2013, EPA will be required to review its current ground-level ozone NAAQS again. In order to prepare for the regulatory process, I recommend that the National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB) oppose the stricter ground-level ozone standard because of the serious burden on business in relation to unclear net benefits to society. I also suggest that because of the unclear data, NFIB refrain from making further claims about public harm resulting from the regulation. Background Ground-level ozone is formed by the reaction of automotive emissions, fuel combustion byproducts, and industrial emissions in the presence of sunlight (EPA, 2006).