Modernization Of Russia Essay

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The Great's Modernization Of Russia
Ultimately, by the time of Peter Romanov in the late seventeenth century, Russia had done little to keep up with the modernizing European continent. Technologically and culturally, it fell centuries behind. It had no Renaissance, no Reformation, no Scientific Revolution. It’s as if Russia was stuck in the European Middle Ages. Its army and navy lagged miserably behind, its Orthodox clergy govern education, there was no quality literature or art of which to tell, and even no emphasis on maths or science. In Western Europe, the seventeenth century was the time of Galileo and Newton, Descartes and Locke. It was a century of a growing merchant division. Rural peasants moved to growing cities for new work. As serfhood faded off in the West, it was growing in the Russia inherited by Peter Romanov. And while Western Europe, with its numerous warm-water passageways, sailed the seas and brought in unprecedented profits from subjugated colonies, Russia pushed eastward, finding nothing but frigid shore, cold taiga, and the remnants of a deformed Mongolian Empire that had depended more on plunder than infrastructure.
In this situation, departure eastward was the equivalent of traveling nowhere, and it seemed to be the only thing that the Russians were doing fast. 

Peter, now 26, intelligent, and a behemoth of a man, set about modernizing Russia. With gobs of money, he sought Western technicians and scholars to brave the Russian cold, while he simultaneously sent Russians to Western universities and vocations so they could at some point return as practiced Europeans willing to instruct the next stock of Russians. He inferred that militaristic and economic support were tied to nautical might, but was stop...

... middle of paper ... He also hugely increased his soldiers’ and sailors’ morale with his continual presence on the front lines in conflict and in garrison education. Peters organizational and administrative aptitude, supported by his zealous leadership, manufactured a military that rocketed Russia to the state of world power. 

The tsarist Russia Peter left in trust survived as a European pack leader for the next two centuries. Its eventual demise came not from an exterior assault but from the inner Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. Without the direct reforms established by Peter and the stage he prepared for future advancements, Russia would never have taken its place as an equal to Britain, France, and Prussia, and it is uncertain if the Soviet Union would have ever become a twentieth-century power capable to emit its great authority in World War II and the cold war that followed.

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