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Anxiety results from the athlete’s perception that he/ she is not good enough for the particular situation, which will cause stress (Edward and Hardy). An early model that attempted to explain the relationship between arousal and performan... ... middle of paper ... ...athletes. And because of the obvious problems with anxiety there have been a few key ways that show how treatment helps athletes out. So in final, after years of research on the effects of anxiety and treatment it is imperative that athletes get help from a professional in order to obtain maximum performance. Bibliography Bird, Anne Marie and Horn, Melanie.
These include the: integrated model of response to sports injury and rehabilitation (Wiese-Bjornstal, Smith, Shaffer, & Morrey, 1998), the Bio-Psychosocial model of sport injury rehabilitation (Brewer, Andersen, & Van Raalte, 2002), the staged-based grief response models (Kubler-Ross, 1969) and the stage model of the return to sport (Taylor & Taylor, 1997). This paper begins by explai... ... middle of paper ... ...ning of Sports injury and re-injury anxiety assessment and intervention. Walker, N., Thatcher, J., & Lavallee, D. (2007). Psychological responses to injury in competitive sport: a critical review. The Journal of The Royal Society for the Promotion of Health, 174-180.
Conroy, D. E., Elliot, A. J., & Hofer, S. M. (2003). A 2 x 2 Achievement Goals Questionnaire for Sport: Evidence for Factorial Invariance, Temporal Stability, and External Validity. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 37(1), 42-56. Raedeke, T. D., & Smith, A. L. (2001). Development and preliminary validation of an athlete burnout measure.
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Therefore, people trying to manage their emotions(fear and anxiety)or presence of fear-related pain in order to have a higher effectiveness of motor control. ‘Effects of anxiety on performance’ has been one of the main focuses to investigate on motor control. Most of the research has shown that the emotion of fear and anxiety may alter the result of the performance. In recent days, anxiety has been viewed as an antagonistic emotion that impairs on performance, especially for ... ... middle of paper ... ...effectiveness of rehabilitation of chronic pain. • The belief of pain avoidance may limit any activity that causing pain or pain danger.
Anshel (2012) stated, “Choking is defined as the inability to perform up to previously exhibited standards.” In other words, the athlete experiences a decrease in performance as a result of the pressure to perform as good if not better than their previous standards. There are three components that have a great effect whether or not the athlete will “choke”. These three components are; stress, anxiety, and arousal (Anshel, 2012). Without proper maintenance of these emotional states, there is a much higher risk of choking for the athlete during a sporting event. Stress is an integral part of life in general.
Used rather loosely, the term may relate to any kind of pressure, be it due to one's job, schoolwork, marriage, illness or death of a loved one. The common denominator in all of these is change. Loss of familiarity breeds this anxiety with any change being viewed as a "threat". The issue of anxiety is an important aspect of performance. Whether it is during the tense moments of a championship game or amidst that dreaded History exam, anxiety affects our performance via changes in the body, which can be identified by certain indicators.
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