Migration Analysis

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Migration: Economic or Political Human migration used to be simple - people migrated either when their food/resources became scarce or when they despised their leader. However, as migration and globalisation slowly become reality, there are now a variety of different reasons to migrate. This essay will discuss the most prominent reason for migration in the 21st century: economic or political. These two main reasons for migration are the driving force of our globalising world. Well-famed singer Cabaret once sang “Money makes the world go round!”; and it does “literally” make the world go round. Millions of people migrate each year due to economic reasons - but most commonly for jobs/opportunities. After World War II, a large amount of Polynesians migrated to New Zealand (specifically Auckland), due to the gaping hole (left by the war) or workers. Consequently, Auckland contains the highest percentage of Polynesians in New Zealand. Another example of economic migration is Northward Drift, where 75% of New Zealand’s population lives in the North Island. Due to its population size, opportunities/jobs, and large cities, migration to the North Island has started a chain reaction where more and more people migrate to the island due to the rising number of jobs/opportunities. The simple incentive of jobs and opportunities - essential to human survival - is a key force for migration for economic reasons. In addition to jobs/opportunities, widespread poverty is another main reason for economic migration. Many countries face country-wide poverty (usually due to a corrupt government). The Irish Potato Famine is one famous example, where a large amount of Irish migrated out of Ireland, due to a virus which caused potatoes to decay. Potatoes... ... middle of paper ... ...essary to blockade the amount of people migrating. Formerly, China pursued a policy where families were only allowed to have one child, therefore leading to many Chinese migrating out of China due to restrictions of freedom and birth. Freedoms are a vital right of humans, which when not received can result in massive migration; the case in East Germany. Both migration due to economic reasons and migration due to political reasons cover a large portion of a migrant’s incentive and factor to migrate. Many people migrate due to political reasons, such as political instability and want for more freedom. However, the majority of today's migration is due to economic reasons - such as finding jobs/opportunities and poverty. Simply put, migration caused by economic incentives is the driving force of our increasingly globalising, interconnecting, and multiculturalising world.
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