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Metaphysics

explanatory Essay
1104 words
1104 words
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Metaphysics:
Since physics actually means the physical world; Meta involves the non-material world, such as the mind and spiritual brief. According to Encarta Encyclopedia, “Metaphysics,” is a branch of philosophy that entails the "nature of ultimate reality" (p.1) According to the Hummingbird N Company’s, “The Metaphysical Sciences,” the dictionary defines this as “A mental philosophy dealing with the nature and causes of being and knowing” (p.1). H. J. Patton (1948), say’s in Immanuel Kent Ground Work of the Metaphysics of Morals, “so act that your will can regard itself at the same time universal law thought its maxim” (p.34). The interoperation was that the universal law was the human’s as rational beings. Therefore, act, as you will but at the same time having the rational beings at the maximum of self-value. Patton goes on to say the rational being is having universal law at is maxim, is giving ones self-supreme value (p. 35). Therefore, Patton feels making decisions should be based on maxims of the universal law (p. 108). Which means all decisions should be made rationally.
According to “Socrates” in Encarta encyclopedia, he believed that his calling was to pursue philosophy, he pursued teaching and engaging in self-examination of ones soul (p.1). Jacques Maritain (1964), Moral Philosophy, Socrates questioned traditional norms (p. 6). He did not write any books and also did not establish a regular school of philosophy (Encarta, “Socrates” p.1). Plato, one of his dispels, portrayed Socrates as “hiding behind an ironical profession of ignorance, known as Socrates irony (Encarta, “Socrates,” p.1). According to Castell, Brochert, and Zucker, in Introduction to Modern Philosophy, Socrates would engaged in debates with people, playing devils advocate, trying to invoke people to think about religion and other none material aspect (p. 3). Socrates got in trouble for this and was sentenced to exile, but verses doing this he commit suicide. The question is, if he did not commit suicide would he be as well known now.
The actual term metaphysics was believed to originate in Rome around 70 BC, according to Encarta Encyclopedia (p. 1). This also states it that it started with Andronicus of Rhodes with his edition of Aristotle’s work (p. 1). Aristotle’s Metaphysics he questioned subjects on substance, causality, the nature of being and the existence of God (p. 1).
Aristotle argued in favor of a divine being (Encarta, “Aristotle,” p.2). He described this the Prime Mover: “who is responsible of the unity and purposefulness of nature.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that meta involves the non-material world, such as the mind and spiritual brief.
  • Explains that logic is a method of careful thinking, which the outcome is truth. aristotle's mathematical formula, syllogism, broke all barriers except chemistry.
  • Explains the three types of ethics: metaethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics.
  • Explains the importance of metaphysics, logic, ethics, and aesthesis in philosophy.
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