Mental Deaths During World War II

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experienced any of those symptoms were considered to be weak and cowardly. By the end of the war, most of the soldiers were believed to have emotional disturbances rather than actual physical harm to the head or brain. Over two million soldiers went to war, with nearly 150,000 soldiers discharged permanently because of psychiatric problems. Psychiatrists overseas were beginning to examine the mental deaths that were occurring from "shell shock." WWII has similar stories of soldiers with PTSD, but the numbers of soldiers with PTSD declined after the war. Hans Pols article, Waking up to shell shock: psychiatry in the US military during World War II shows the change in the definition of the WWI term "shell shock". Pols begins by introducing that, in WWII, military psychiatrists from the U.S. wanted to implement treatment methods for soldiers that inherited the term "shell shock". The symptoms included deafness, insomnia, nightmares and heart problems. Psychiatrists helping in the war were selected to do screenings. They were able to screen men who were already serving along with the ones who were trying to enter the military. In December of 1939, the screenings were supposed to weed out the ones that would be weak during battle because of any mental issues that they may have gained during WWI. WWII was a principal reason for American psychiatry to develop worldwide. The difference between WWI and WWII was the change to bigger field weapons and major combat units that put soldiers at a greater risk. According to PBS (2003), War trauma caused over 25% of the deaths of soldiers throughout both WWI and II. Only 50% of the deaths were from soldiers that were on the front line for extended periods of time (PBS, 2003). By the end of WWI... ... middle of paper ... ...f PTSD to soldiers has reduced. The warfare has now been different from the past trench warfare and island hopping. Nowadays, soldiers cannot tell if the person on the side of the road is a civilian or an actual enemy. Terrorism is one of the main tactics in conflict towards civilians today, to attack and break down society any way they can. According to the work done by Seal (2007), of 103,788 veterans of both Iraq and Afghanistan 25,658 or roughly 25% received mental health at VA health care facilities. Holyfield’s Veterans’ Journeys Home shared stories dating back to 2001 when the World Trade Center 's collapsed. In the book, she portrays the military life after returning from the Afghanistan and Iraq wars. The evidence she gives shows details of the men that were in the Middle East for those missions. She explains that in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of
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