This is not to suggest that Luther was akin to Hitler in action or deed. This does suggest that Luther, the spark of the Protestant Reformation and father of German nationalism, and his teachings had a profound impact on the anti-Semitic thinkers that were to follow (Prager 106). It is possible that Hitler and Luther shared a common ideological base. Luther's attitude toward the Jews is puzzling. During the course of his theological writings Luther made a drastic transition from sympathy to hateful paranoia.
Rausch, David. A Legacy of Hatred: Why Christians Must Not Forget the Holocaust. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1990. "The Great Heresies of Gnosticism and the Revisions of Marcion." Online.
Luther takes slandering the Jews to a new level when he says, “Therefore, wherever you see a genuine Jew, you may with a good conscience cross yourself and bluntly say: "There goes a devil incarnate” (Bertram p. 46). Though it is known through basic human morals today that public slandering of one another is not acceptable, Luther not only slandered the Jews but condone others to curse and call the Jews devils as
Although the Nazis interpreted the Jews from a racial discriminative standpoint, which was distinct to the early Church Fathers portrayal of the Jews, they used Christian anti-Judaic accusations and stereotypes of Jews to contribute to their portrayal of the Jewish race. This leads to the conclusion that the Nazis were influenced by the... ... middle of paper ... ...te itself with no offer of protection. Lewis supports this by asserting that the attitudes towards the Jews have remained the same, but the expression has differed. He states that the Nazis maintained the anti-Judaic substance of the early Church, yet changed the expression to a matter of racial hatred which resulted in the murder of 6 million Jews. When Hitler was questioned as to why he was partaking in a crusade to destroy the Jews, he declared that he was ‘only continuing what Christianity had preached and practiced for 2000 years’.
Christians did not make profits whereas people like Shylock made their profits from interest, this clearly did not please the Christian community, this may have created negative attitudes towards all Jews. Antonio is aware that "Shylock seeks my life; his reasons I well know: I oft delivered from his forfeitures Many that have at times made moan to me; Therefore he hates me." (III, ii, 21-24) Antonio ‘hates our sacred nation, and he rails.’ The above clearly depicts ‘The Merchant of Venice’ as being anti-Jewish.
In chapter five, Ehret argues that the failure on part of the Catholic Church to speak out against Jewish persecution is due to its strong stance against communism as well as fear of persecution by the Nazi movement. The idea of the hatred of communism is explained to be centered on Atheism therefore it was considered to be a lesser evil compared to Fascism. Ehret also explains how the Church saw communism as a Jewish led ideology which seems to say that the Church thought that Jews were not helping themselves in the time of their persecution. The second major theme argued by Ehret was how the Catholic Church was preoccupied with protecting its own status in the hostile European environment, therefore it did not have the time nor the energy to reach out to Jews. However, Ehret argued of Catholic backlash toward dome of the Nazi racial policy which the Catholic Church viewed as a Pagan belief system.
New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1975. - Haines, Grove C. and Ross J. S. Hoffman, The Origins and Background of the Second World War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1943. - Hilberg, Raul. The Destruction of the European Jews.
Does this not discredit everything he has written? This paper will address Dostoevsky's anti-Semitism through an examination of Isay Fomitch Bumstein in The House of the Dead, the Messianic idea in The Devils, and 'the little demon' in The Brothers Karamazov. Furthermore, this paper will question the moral implications of Dostoevsky's Christian message given his anti-Semitic posture. It will suggest that while he was indeed an anti-Semite, one can continue to read Dostoevsky's work without feeling that his message was a complete sham.2 Until The House of the Dead, Jews were practically absent from Dostoevsky's writings.3 But beginning with this book in 1862, the Jew and the Jewish question assume a place of growing importance in Dostoevsky's thought. The eight years of military and penal servitude in Siberia expose Dostoevsky to both criminals and Jews alike.
Denying the Holocaust. Plume: New York, 1994. - Dawidowicz, Lucy S. What is the Use of Jewish History? Schocken Books: New York, 1992. - Dawidowicz, Lucy S. The War Against the Jews.