In the 19th century, the U.S. experienced a major change. This change was the Manifest Destiny, an ideology first expressed in 1845 that the expansion of white settlement across the continent was inevitable and ordained by God, a means to spread protestant Christianity and Jacksonian Democracy to more people. It was this belief that fueled westward expansion, Native American removal, and war with Mexico. The U.S. reliance on Manifest Destiny permanently altered the geographical, social, and political visage of the nation.
Many Americans supported the Manifest Destiny for their own reasons. Some wanted to exploit lands in the west, others dreamed of starting over in rich, cheap, and new lands. Workers enjoyed the thought of rapid national expansion because it would guarantee them industrial profits and jobs, or give them a chance to completely start over. Some Americans, however, felt differently. Those who opposed the ideology was because they foresaw the violence associated with the expansion as simply wrong. Some wanted to focus on what they already have, like Henry Clay, who wanted to prioritize developing roads, canals, railroads, and industries to ensure its prosperity for the country instead of expanding it. …show more content…
But expansion didn’t stop there. In 1795, James Polk began serving as the 11th president of the U.S from 1845 to 1849. During his term, America’s territory grew by more than one-third and extended across the continent for the first time. After the Mexican-American war in 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo gave the U.S. more land that would later become the states of Arizona, California, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, and
Many Americans packed few belongings and headed west during the middle to the late nineteenth century. It was during this time period that the idea of manifest destiny became rooted in American customs and ideals. Manifest Destiny is the idea that supported and justified expansionist policies, it declared that expansion was both necessary and right. America’s expansionist attitudes were prominent during the debate over the territorial rights of the Oregon territory. America wanted to claim the Oregon territory as its own, but Great Britain would not allow that. Eventually the two nations came to an agreement and a compromise was reached, as seen in document B. The first major party of settlers that traveled to the west settled in Oregon.
During the years surrounding James K. Polk's presidency, the United States of America grew economically, socially, and most noticeably geographically. In this time period, the western boundaries of the Untied States would be expanded all the way to the Pacific Ocean. Many Americans in the 19th century believed that the acquisition of this territory to the west was their right and embraced the concept of "Manifest Destiny". This concept was the belief that America should stretch from sea to shining sea and it was all but inevitable. Under the cover of "Manifest Destiny", President Polk imposed his views of an aggressive imperialistic nation. Imperialism is the practice of extending the power and dominion of a nation by direct territorial acquisitions over others, and clearly America took much of this land by force rather than peaceful negotiations with other nations. Polk acquired three huge areas of land to include: the Republic of Texas, the Oregon Territory, and the states of California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico under the Mexican Cession.
Man has always had the desire to expand, venture forth to develop greater wealth. With the acquisition of the Louisiana Territory and the prospects of future land acquisition, Americans used the idea of Manifest Destiny to justify their actions for moving westward and their treatment of Native Americans. The idea of Manifest Destiny was created directly by the European-used Doctrine of Discovery and industrialization; this direct correlation was proven to be true from the verdict of the court case Johnson v. M’Intosh.
In the 1830’s America was highly influenced by the Manifest Destiny Ideal. Manifest Destiny was the motivating force behind the rapid expansion of America into the West. This ideal was highly sponsored by posters, newspapers, and various other methods of communication. Propaganda was and is still an incredibly common way to spread an idea to the masses. Though Manifest Destiny was not an official government policy, it led to the passing of the Homestead Act. The Homestead Act gave applicants freehold titles of undeveloped land outside of the original thirteen colonies. It encouraged Westward colonization and territorial acquisition. The Homestead Act was signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln in 1862. To America, Manifest Destiny was the idea that America was destined to expand across the North American continent, from the Atlantic, to the Pacific Ocean. Throughout this time Native Americans were seen as obstacles because they occupied land that the United States needed to conquer to continue with their Manifest Destiny Ideal. Many wars were fought between the A...
Manifest Destiny was the idea that it was the United States’ destiny to take over all of North America from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Most of the public was in favor of territorial expansion, though some politicians felt it contradicted the constitution.
The Manifest Destiny was a progressive movement starting in the 1840's. John O'Sullivan, a democratic leader, named the movement in 1845. Manifest Destiny meant that westward expansion was America's destiny. The land that was added to the U.S. after 1840 (the start of Manifest Destiny) includes The Texas Annexation (1845), The Oregon Country (1846), The Mexican Cession (1848), The Gadsden Purchase (1853), Alaska (1867), and Hawaii (1898). Although this movement would take several years to accomplish fully, things started changing before we knew it. New technology took off right away!
Manifest Destiny was the belief that started and caused the westward expansion and led to many wars between all different types of people and the different countries that owned the land. The expansion allowed for lifespan to increase, the economy blossomed, and the main goal was accomplished which was getting occupation of America from ocean coast to ocean coast.
In the late nineteenth century the expansion to the west increased the American culture. Since population was growing they needed to satisfy demands equally for every person. The idea of Manifest Destiny was used as a justification for the expansion and westward movement. Natives Americans were against the thought Americans had about the West. As a result Americans put a number of policies that helped remove the Natives Americans of the West. Americans were trying to destroy the culture Natives had.
Manifest destiny, the idea that America had a divine right to expand her territory from coast to coast, fueled and justified expansionism in America during the 18th century. One of the events during the Romantic era that was the product of manifest destiny was the Mexican-American War (1846-48) under the Polk administration. President James K. Polk invoked the ideology of manifest destiny in order to justify sending General Zachary Taylor to tempt Mexico into a war after they refused to sell Mexican territory to the United States, which presently includes California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico. Obviously, there were many drawbacks to the entitlement American’s felt to the Western frontier and inevitably cause much harm to “the Other” that got in the way of American expansionism, namely
The concept of Manifest Destiny was simple: American settlers believed that they were destined to grow across the continent, coast to coast. There are two basic themes to Manifest Destiny. They are the principles of American people and the Americans mission to move into the west. Historians say that Manifest Destiny was like a competition. Democrats endorsed the idea of it; however, many of the leading Americans, like Lincoln and Grant, rejected the idea of it. “American imperialism did not represent an American consensus; it provoked bitter dissent within the national polity….Whigs saw America’s moral mission as one of democratic example rather than on of conquest,” said Daniel Walker Howe.
One of the largest and most wealthy countries in the world, the United States of America, has gone through many changes in its long history. From winning its independence from Great Britain to present day, America has changed dramatically and continues to change. A term first coined in the 1840s, "Manifest Destiny" helped push America into the next century and make the country part of what it is today. The ideas behind Manifest Destiny played an important role in the development of the United States by allowing the territorial expansion of the 1800s. Without the expansion of the era, America would not have most of the western part of the country it does now.
“We are the nation of human progress, and who will, what can, set limits to our onward march?” (Denial) noted writer John O’Sullivan in 1839, but in fact, there was one limit: territory. Some people believed that in order to spread democracy, it was America’s manifest destiny, or obvious fate, to inhabit the entire North American continent. It had a major impact on American society by it being the cause of social change in the US, it economically revamped America, and lastly, it altered America politically. Manifest destiny caused the change of America socially due to the economic transition from a local market economy to a national market economy. Manifest destiny has also impacted America’s society economically by the large increase in territory gained to profit off of. But, it also altered America politically by causing further division of the North and South which led to a great drama of regional conflict. These social, political, and economical changes in the United States were certainly results of the initiation and usage of manifest destiny.
The United States, as a young nation, had the desire to expand westward and become a true continental United States that stretched from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Various factors, strategic and economic, contributed to the desire to expand westward. According to John O’Sullivan, as cited by Hestedt in Manifest Destiny 2004; "the U.S. had manifest destiny to overspread the continent allotted by Providence to the free development of our yearly multiplying millions" (¶2). As Americans ventured westward to settle the frontier, their inherent superior beliefs, culture and the principles of democracy accompanied them. America’s ruthless ambition to fulfill its manifest destiny had a profound impact on the nation’s economy, social systems and foreign and domestic policies; westward expansion was a tumultuous period in American History that included periods of conflict with the Native Americans and Hispanics and increased in sectionalism that created the backdrop for the Civil War.
Manifest Destiny! This simple phrase enraptured the United States during the late 1800’s, and came to symbolize an era of westward expansion through numerous powerful entities. The expansion can be inspected though many different contextual lenses, but if examined among the larger histories of the United States, this movement can be classified as one of the most influential developments of the post-Civil War period. While very influential to the larger part of American history, the seemingly barbaric methods that were used conquer the western lands and their peoples took physical and economical forms that proved to be a plague upon the West.
Manifest destiny, the name given by John L. O’Sullivan to an aggressive territorial expansion, is responsible for the face of America today. O’Sullivan coined the movement, “Manifest Destiny” in 1845. The ideology originated long before the philosophy was named. Traces of the movement can be seen in Columbus’ exploration, and even in the developmental Jamestown colonies. Throughout America’s history, examples of the “Manifest Destiny” are apparent as ("Manifest destiny - the philosophy that created a nation") Americans gradually expanded settlements westward to increase their boundaries, however, during the 1830s and 1840s, Americans pushed farther across the continent. After the natural and inevitable travels of the new White Americans, the phenomenon of land expansion was then publicised and advertised in newspapers as the “Manifest Destiny”, it was the fuel for American expansion and for America to maintain its overall power and good morality as a country. The concept of the “Manifest Destiny” is pivotal to the nation and its future.