Geologists discovered deposits of gold during this time and word of this brought an invasion of miners and entrepreneurs to the Black Hills in direct violation of the Treaty of 1868. The U.S. negotiated with the Lakota on a purchase price for the Black Hill’s but was rejected. The winter of 1875 the Commissioner of Indian Affairs issued an ultimatum requiring all Sioux to report to a reservation by January 31, 1876. This ultimatum was ignored by the tribes, at this moment it was turned over to be handled by the military. It was the militaries assumption that the Indians would flee to the reservations and the few Indians who were encountered would be dealt with swiftly by a superior force.
This act allowed the president exchange Indian lands for land west of the Mississippi River. This act was unfair to the Cherokee nation and the Indian people because they had no say in the passing of this act. Supporters of the removal act said that it would allow for Americans and immigrants to... ... middle of paper ... ...reserve community structures such as clan and kin relationships (nationalhumanitiescenter.org). The removal of the Cherokee Indians from their lands in the southeast is the largest Indian relocation in American history (Sides 362). It was unjust for the Americans to seize Indian land in order to make room for more Americans and immigrants.
Dragging Canoe was against this idea because it could and did effect the Cherokees negatively (Bender). What made this situation even harder for Dragging Canoe was that his father, Attakullakulla and war leader Oconostota were all for the idea of selling off Indian land and signed the deal (1). But there was a problem with the signing of this deal; the Cherokee law.
The Sioux, a tribe of Native Americans, have faced religious oppression for centuries, thus hindering their ability to achieve the American Dream. The American Dream should be accessible to all people, but this group of people continues to fight against religious discrimination every day of their lives. When the Englishmen started settling in America, the more harsh and frequent their oppression became. Indian tribes are separated from society by placing them in Indian Reserves to prevent the spreading of their religious beliefs. Judge John Marshall after careful consideration came to the conclusion that all tribes are separate nations, but our society continues to discriminate against their presence on the continent that was theirs first.
After the American Revolution was over the Indians got more problems. Such as the forming of a general policy of getting rid of the unwanted inhabitants. Also there was a National policy made to move Indians west of the Mississippi River, which is said to be the most culturally problem of that era. Plus there was the problem of them found not to be guaranteed equal protection under the law and could not prevent whites from attacking their lands. These problems caused them to be driven from their homes then being put into internment camps, and then being forcefully moved to a strange land.
When the Dawes Act, a Native American Policy, was enforced in 1887, it focused on breaking up reservations by granting land allotments to individual Native Americans. At that time, people believed that if a person adopted the white man’s clothing, ways and was responsible for his own farm, he would eventually drop his, as stated by the Oxford University Press, “Indian-ness” and become assimilated in American society. The basic idea of this act was the taking away of Native American Culture because they were considered savage and primitive to the incoming settlers. Many historians now agree the Native’s treatment throughout the Dawes Act was completely unfair, unlawful, and unethical. American Society classified them as savages solely on their differences in morals, religion, appearance and overall culture.
&nb... ... middle of paper ... ...e and a white. The whites used a policy of removal to get around the Indian “problem,” there is no question about that. Whenever it seemed that an Indian would get in the way they were moved to somewhere that was more convenient for the whites. The whites gave the Indians no respect and although atrocities were committed on both sides, it was the fault of the American government that things escalated to the point of all Indians being forced to reservations. Both sides lost people that should not have been killed, and for what?
For instance, she discussed how members of the legal system use their power to diminish the Native American culture and take their land in order to build up the white culture. In turn, she supported her claims by analyzing several U.S. Supreme Court cases. Thompson discussed how the several Justices justified taking land from Native Americans by stating that they were basically incompetent savages that wouldn’t appreciate the blessing and wouldn’t put the land to good use anyway. Additionally, this article implies that white settlers didn’t try to understand the Native American culture. Settlers forced their beliefs on indigenous people and gave them an ultimatum of being punished or killed by not accepting those beliefs.
Had refusing the treaty that America tried to force on them hurt the Plateau Indians severely? Did retaliation cause them to almost come to complete annihilation? My position is that yes, the Plateau Indians made a bad decision when they refused the treaty by the United States, and that more of the Indians would have survived if they’d just moved on to the reservation like they were asked. None of the Yakima Wars would have happened if the Indians would’ve just extinguished their pride, and went peacefully onto a reservation where their people did not have to worry about fighting the whites. The main cause of this conflict was the desire of the United States citizens to move west.
The US government already took the land even though they lost St. Clair’s battle. Most westerners had already settled in Indian lands and looked for assistance from the federal government to defeat or remove the Native tribes. Many sought to the new land as a new economic beginning for agriculture. Although the Indian victory was a diplomatic achievement by holding together an alliance between various Indian tribes for the critical time, Natives couldn’t do anything about the expansion of the colonials. “American victory in Indian wars in the Ohio country seems inevitable” The annihilation of St. Claire’s army confirmed settlers fears and so they escalated the burden on congress to institute its power in the West.