Some people don’t like mangroves, regarding them as muddy, mosquito and crocodile infested swamps. In the past their removal was seen as a sign of progress. So what is the point of preserving them? For a start, an estimated 75 percent of fish caught commercially spend some time in the mangroves or are dependent on food chains which can be traced back to these coastal forests. Mangroves also protect the coast by absorbing the energy of storm driven waves and wind.
Mangroves forests have some unique animals, for example, the proboscis monkey, which eats only mangrove leaves. In addition, there are 40 different species of mangrove trees. They have very shallow roots which grow near the surface. Mudskippers are fish which spend a lot of time out of water. It keeps its skin moist to absorb oxygen through it.
They are a marine aquatic plant and a keystone species for many coastal areas found all over the world (Libralato, Christensen and Pauly 2006). Although there is not a huge variety of species, there are only around 60 species globally and over 14% of them are endangered (Green and Short 2003; Orth et al. 2006). The different seagrass ecosystems perform relatively similarly throughout the varying species (Turner and Schwarz 2006). This study will examine the various importances of seagrass and to what extent they are vital for the survival of species within their ecosystem.
There are not too many Hippopotamuses in the north-western areas of the Kilian Diers Marine Biology Mr. Girod May 16, 2014 continent, but are many more in the south-eastern regions. Since the human population is smal... ... middle of paper ... ...for the food chain, particularly for ﬁsh," says WWF's Marc Lunguy. If the hippopotamus species would go instinct, the ﬁrst loss would be the people in the region who strive off of ﬁsh for their livelihoods. The territory of hippopotamuses is pretty basic. They stay close to the water, while never exceeding a max of 6 miles from the nearest water source while grazing.
(Wikipedia, 2007) Some of the more rare land dwellers include giant tortoises, marine iguanas, and lava lizards. The Galapagos Islands were in fact named after the giant tortoises that were on the island. These giant tortoises can survive a long time without any food or water. The giant tortoises can survive on any pert of the islands that make up the Galapagos Island but do better when in the vegetated parts of the island. At one point there were around fourteen or fifteen different types of these giant tortoises on the Galapagos Islands but today there is more like ten.
Mangrove forests provide habitats for many marine and terrestrial species. These intertidal zone forest support richest biological diversity and primary productivity and it also support the livelihood of millions of people across the world that is why the mangrove consider an ecosystem by itself and has its own food chain. Mangrove food chain actually depends majorly on the recycling of detritus, which come from the falling of mangrove leaves, so the mangrove is the main producers of the mangrove food chain. This recycling is done by the smaller organisms, like snapping shrimps and burrowing crabs with contribution of tube worms and bristle worms. These small organisms are feeding on the plants biomass, because of that these little organisms consider primary consumers of the mangrove food chain.
There are several different types of plants in all of the major tropical ecosystems in Puerto Rico. The different types of plants depend on the specific ecosystem.. There are several mangrove species, including Black Mangroves, Red Mangroves, White Mangroves, Sea Oats, Melaleucas, Reeds, Saltbushes, Ferns and Hibiscus. In the tropical dry forest (Guanica Dry Forest), the plants typically will include palm trees, lotus, ironwood, acacias, pepper, cotton and ceiba trichastandra. El Yunque (Puerto Rico’s rainforest) is quite th... ... middle of paper ... ...ever, Puerto Rico’s one and only rainforest, El Yunque, collects the most rain water over the period of a year.
Rainforests of the Ocean Coral reefs are large societies of small living organisms. They are made up of millions of various creatures including fish, starfish, sea urchins, and so much more. Despite the fact that coral reefs make up fewer than one percentage of the Earth’s surface, coral reefs are still one of the greatest diversified ecosystems in the world due to the creatures that live in and around the reefs. Coral reefs are located in shallow, warm waters in the tropics around the Bahamas, in the Red Sea, and near the Hawaiian islands. The largest coral reefs are the Great Barrier Reef, the Red Sea Coral Reef, and the New Caledonia Barrier Reef.
Introduction 1.1 background information Seagrass is on the decline around the world and it is a key vital marine ecosystem found in shallow water mainly distributed throughout tropical seas, from a temperature of 4oC to 24oC. They are the only angiosperm to be able to survive in aquatic conditions providing support and shelter for vast amounts of species. Are marine aquatic plant and is a key species in coastal areas found all over the world, although there is not a huge variety of species, there is roughly only around 60 species and over 14% of them are endangered. Seagrass is not just a food source for macro species such as manatees, turtles, dolphins which graze directly and dugongs which primarily only eat seagrasses as their diet. but seagrass also indirectly provides nutrients storage.
Since fresh pure sea water is not readily accessible, the easiest water source for the majority of hobbyists is the faucet. However, the tap water that comes from the local water treatment plants may be safe for human consumption but is most likely toxic to marine life. Water treatment plants remove most of the harmful chemicals, but the water delivered is anything but pure. Often this tap water contains high levels of phosphates and nitrates that can be harmful to aquarium inhabitants. Also, copper may leach from pipes, and it is deadly to marine invertebrates (Goldstein 8).