Machiavelli´s Principle in Macbeth by William Shakespeare

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THESIS STATEMENT Macbeth, by William Shakespeare, applies the Machiavellian principles of how princes should properly conduct themselves which is directly applied through Duncan, Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, and Malcolm. PURPOSE STATMENT Through analytic research, this paper will examine, as well as, compare and contrast the Machiavellian principles to the characters in Macbeth. The focus will include the influence of his principles, how they affect the characters, behaviors, and if they fit the description of a proper prince. INTRODUCTION William Shakespeare wrote Macbeth with the influence of Machiavellian principles in accordance with his characters. This statement can be supported by the characteristics he carefully coordinated within their actions and decisions. Certain principles from Machiavelli are presented in character descriptions included in criticism novels. The principles that connect with Shakespeare's characters presented by Machiavelli can predict how a prince's reign will be spent. He analyses crucial philosophies which are connected to the characters' actions. Of the utmost important lies of choosing to be loved than feared and avoiding hatred at all costs. A prince who balances clemency and cruelty is able to find times appropriate of their usage. How a prince should conduct himself to gain power and morale is a thread Shakespeare carefully incorporated from Machiavelli. "Those who have obtained a principality by wickedness " (Machiavelli 1) is also seen in Macbeth's strongest characters. Through Machiavelli’s applied principles in the play, the behavior conducted by a proper prince is able to be analyze by the readers. . MACHIAVELLI'S PRINCIPLES IN DUNCAN, MALCOLM, AND MACBETH The influence of Machiavelli's... ... middle of paper ... ...nce: Chapter VIII. Trans. W. K. Marriott. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2014. "Machiavelli: The Prince Chapter XVII." Machiavelli: The Prince: Chapter XVII. Trans. W. K. Marriott. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2014. "Machiavelli: The Prince Chapter XIX." Machiavelli: The Prince: Chapter XIX. Trans. W. K. Marriott. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2014. "Machiavelli: The Prince Chapter XXI." Machiavelli: The Prince: Chapter XXI. Trans. W. K. Marriott. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2014. Muir, Kenneth, and Philip Edwards. Aspects of Macbeth: Articles Reprinted from Shakespeare Survey. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1977. Print. Proser, Matthew N. The Heroic Image in Five Shakespearean Tragedies. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 1965. Print. Shakespeare, William. Macbeth. New York: Pocket, 1993. Print. Swisher, Clarice. Readings on the Tragedies of William Shakespeare. San Diego: Green haven, 1996. Print.

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