The “Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution” or the “Cultural Revolution” had been a failed attempt at making China a stronger country. This revolution had destroyed China’s rich history. The period from 1966 to 1969 had been terrifying years in which the Red Guards used violence to purge China of any anti- communist sources. Mao Zedong had led the violence and turmoil in China after his failed attempt at the Great Leap Forward. He relied on China’s youth to change the traditional customs and ideas.
The Causes of the Tiananmen Square Massacre I have been asked to look at the Tiananmen Square massacre and to find the long and short term causes for the unfateful event in which thousand of people were killed. The main political party in china was the Kuomintang this was a nationalist party who supported capitalism. In 1935 Mao Tse Tung became the chairman of the communist party. By 1946 conflict between the communists and the Kuomintang (the party that was ruling) turned into a full-scale civil war. This raged on for 3 years, in 1949 the Kuomintang was defeated Mao Tse Tung and his party had won, china now became a communist country it became known as "the peoples' republic of china".
In 1949 The People’s Republic of China was formed by the Communist party. This happened after much struggle between the communists and the nationalists. The leader of the communist party and the new People’s Republic was Mao Zedong. When the communists took over China they implemented many new ideas that were supposed to bring China up to speed in regards to the industrial development. He started the five year plan in which the people and government of China was to focus on the development of industry and to challenge the old ways of thinking.
The entire nation was devastated with the Japanese invading China. This brought a huge setback to the developing society, between 10-20 million Chinese people were killed. (History.co.uk) The society during the revolution was still in recovery afte... ... middle of paper ... ...ism is not love. Communism is a hammer which we use to crush the enemy.” Mao did what was more important to the Chinese society no matter the consequences to achieve it. Mao did a lot of good things for China, but the overall impact was in great amount that the good part couldn't cover up the bad parts in its revolution.
The Communists won by capturing the hearts of the Chinese people. The Nationalists fled to the island of Taiwan after the Communists gained control of their capitol city. After several failed programs and plans for a better China and the death of more than 10 million people, Mao dies in 1976. Deng Xiaoping came to power in 1978. In the same year Deng announced a new program called The Four Modernizations, which later proved more successful than Mao’s.
When the civil war started they were picked off one by one. All of these reasons in the above lead to the most important reason for Chiang’s defeat. This was his loss of support in the towns and cities. The Communist went through struggles but they all led to step by step victory. That’s why the Communists gained power of China in 1949.
The total domination of the socialist government towards the society caused many mistakes that made China face many disasters, for example, the severe famine caused the death of 30 million people from 1959 to 1961 (Zhao 42), or the Cultural Revolution which annihilated traditional culture and murdered a lot of intellectuals. In 1978, the new leaders decided to reform to rescue the Chinese economy which was on the verge of collapse. They corrected the past mistakes with an open-door policy on all areas from economy to culture, thus loo... ... middle of paper ... ...down the student demonstrations and somehow killed the revolution spirit of the people, the world will always remember the Tiananmen protest as significant, bravery and dramatic civil disobedience in the pursuit for democracy. Works Cited Branigan, Tania. “China lifts ban on Tiananmen sites.” Guardian.co.uk 3 August 2008.
Chiang Kai-shek, the leader of China and its national party, embarked on a bloody civil war between the nationalists and the newly formed CCP. The Communist party was defeated in 1927, but came back strong with an improved army in the early thirties, namely the People’s Liberation Army. The CCP, lead by its chairman Mao Zedong, successfully recovered with this powerful army and social unification for a better China for the masses. Maoism, the socialist theories of Mao, soon moved from the cities to the countrysides and a victory against the Chinese nationalists was forged in 1949. Chairman Mao along with the CCP believed strongly in marxist economic theories and ideology.
He claimed China was on the cusp of a dangerous return to capitalism. He called for a rebellion. Newfound support was especially common among Chinese youth, who searched for something to believe in in a relatively stagnant China. Mao’s Cultural Revolution, enabled by the rebellious youths, left the nation in a catastrophic state. It wreaked havoc on the Chinese social structure, forging class divides and resulting in a breakdown of law and order.
The Great North China Famine led to the death of 13 million people due to an ongoing drought that the Chinese people were not prepared to handle2. The constant failure of the current government has led to the deaths of millions, which has led the lower class peasant class of China to always have this sense of distrust with the current government, as they are never able to react... ... middle of paper ... ...how the Soviets they were successful. Motivated by this reasoning, Mao choose to do nothing about the famine, claiming that his plan could never go wrong, that the Chinese Communist way was the only correct way. The inflexible Mao and his policies caused a decline in Chinas morality, that is apart of the continued cycle for each generation of the Chinese people. Each time the Chinese go into a major famine, we can see the change in government, this decline in a dynasty, that we have seen repeat itself throughout Chinas history.