extremists labeled him a loyalist. Upon entering Champs de Mars on July 17th, 1791, his men opened fire on the crowd (Hickman 13). This event, known as the Champs de Mars massacre, lead to his resignation. Though he prepared a sizable fighting force in Auvergne to fight the Austrians in April of 1792, it became increasingly clear then many of his men where part of the radical extremist groups taking hold in France at that time. In June, he delivered a rousing and highly controversial speech to the National assembly against the radicals, prompting his political enemies to declare him a traitor.
2) Economic crisis: high taxes, mounting debt A series of tax revolts by Massachusetts farmers against the Massachusetts legislature in 1786-1787. After the Revolutionary War, the Massachusetts legislature imposed high taxes to pay war debts. Rural farmers could not pay their taxes and faced forfeiture of their farms. Resentment of the taxes increased to the point that the farmers began to break up court sessions to prevent judges from ruling that specific farms should be sold to pay tax bills. These minor acts of rebellion turned violent in January 1787 when Daniel Shays, a farmer and Revolutionary War veteran, led 1200 people into Springfield to seize weapons from a national government arsenal.
Robespierre was executed by a mob that stormed the convention. It was a group of people who didn’t like him and his great weakness was he made more enemies than friends. A new movement begins after the assassination called the thermiodorian reaction. The Thermidorian reaction stopped terror as it swept through France. The convention issued a new constitution called the directory.
In addition to being taxed, the high prices of food made many people revolt against the ruling class. The peasant women who bought the food really revolted against the high prices. The French Revolution’s riots started on July 12th, and on July 14th, the storming of the Bastille (royal prison that symbolized the depotism of the Bourbons) because of the provocative acts of Louis XXVI. Suspicions also grew around Marie Antoinette that she was in constant communication with her brother Lepold II, the Holy Roman emperor. Because of popular suspicions regarding the queen’s activities and the complicity of the king, the royal family was apprehended on June 21 at Varennes while attempting to escape from France.
The people of the third estate were struggling to survive due to high taxes. So, in 1789 on July 14th the storming of the Bastille occurred. Thousands of people marched to the Bastille to free seven people who were imprisoned in the Bastille. The Bastille would get destroyed by eight hundred men. After the storming of the Bastille occurred the governor and then months later the King would both get executed.
It all started with a coup against the government that he was fighting for. The Coup D’etat, led by Napoleon, took place at the perfect time because the Jacobins were losing power and there were many people being executed for allegedly being monarchists. In the courts a person was not able to speak in their defense so if the prosecutor made a good enough argument the charged would be executed by the guillotine. There were many innocent people who were executed, and many more who were afraid. After the coup a referendum was held in 1802 that made Napoleon First Consul for life.
Assessment of the French Revolution The radical phase of the French Revolution was the time when the Reign of Terror began. The radicalism (change in political and social condition of France) started with the emerged of republican (a system of no king) view among the people of France especially the Jacobins. Those who wanted republican became more active aiming to overthrow the king by finding faults on him. What they hoped was aided by King Louis XVI himself after he tried to escape from France to join the émigrés forces over the frontier but failed and his veto on several decrees such as decree by which I January 1792 was the fixed day on which the émigrés must be return to France or be sentenced to death, decree concerning non-juring priest and the formation of an army to protect Paris had led him to be distrust by the people and further strengthen the republican view. Other factors that led to the radical phase was the external event whereby with the Declaration of Pillnitz and Manifesto war break out between the Great Powers , Belgium, Holland against the revolutionary army.
The event most commonly associated with the beginning of the French Revolution is the storming of the Bastille on July 14, 1789. Instigated by rumors that the King had begun to organize military forces for a counterattack against government reformers, a crowd of urban Parisians converged upon the Bastille with the intent of staging a preemptive strike against the monarchy. A state prison and military armory, the Bastille had been seen by the mob as representative of the King's dictatorial rule. The pubic's dissent upon the Bastille, which ultimately ended as a success for the mob, has been seen as a symbolic marker in the beginning of the French Revolution, deposition of the monarchy, and the eventual establishment of a new French republic. However, to begin discussion of the French Revolution with the storming of the Bastille negates a number of important factors that had influenced the publics' actions on July, 1789.
Soon after France’s defeat in war, the people of Paris formed a radical group called the “Commune.” The Commune rejected the new conservative government to be established and started a revolt in Paris. This led to a two month siege of Paris by government troops, who brutally crushed all in opposition to the new government (France, 1800-1900A.D.). This bloody suppression only intensified the citizens’ bitter hatred for the French government. In addition, in 1894, the Dreyfus Affair left the French feeling tremendously betrayed. Captain Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish officer, was pronounced guilty of selling military secrets to the Germans and condemned to the rest of his life in prison.
Along the thick rock walls of the gargantuan fortress and between the towers were twelve more guns that were capable of launching 24-ounce case shots at any who dared to attack. However, the enraged middle class population of Paris was too defiant and too livid to submit to the starvation and seeming injustice of their government (Time Life, 1999). It was the first time in European history that a group of commoners had overpowered the nobility. The storming of the Bastille on July 14th, 1789, has inspired other peoples to fight tyranny and gain independence from their oppressors. Given that the masses in other lands and at other times shared many of the problems that the French revolutionaries faced explains the widespread influence and symbolism of the Fall of the Bastille.