Eleanor died in 1204. Conclusion: Henry II could have been remembered as one the greatest rulers of his times, except for the death of his childhood friend, Thomas Becket, archbishop of England, which he was suspected of some type of participation in the murder. After 20 years of marriage, Eleanor plotted against Henry. Henry put her under house arrest. His sons tried to overthrow him, hungry for power they were.
No battles were actually fought until 1455. The War of Roses was a series of civil wars by the white rose of York and the red rose of Lancaster, giving the name of the historic war. They fought for the reign of England to rule the land once ruled by Edward III. After Edward III died, his living sons were struggling to see who gets the throne next. Edward III had four sons, Edward the Black Prince, Lionel of Antwerp, John of Gaunt, and Edmund of Langley.
Following the assassination of his brother, Edward, Aethelred was forced upon the English throne at the age of ten. Aethelred was married twice. His first wife, Elfigfu of Mercia, bore him no less than eleven children. His second marriage to Emma of Normandy produced three children. Throughout his reign as King, he was hindered by the fact that he could not fully trust the support of his generals at a time when the Danish invaders were a constant threat to the English.
Henry IV was born in April 1367 and was the only son of John of Gaunt, the son of Edward III, and Blanche, the daughter of Henry Grismond, Duke of Lancaster. Known as Henry of Bolingbroke after his birthplace in Lincolnshire, he was made a knight of the Garter in 1377. In 1380, at the age of 13, he married Mary de Bohun, the youngest daughter and coheiress of Humphrey, the last Earl of Hereford. They had four sons and two daughters before her death at the age of 24, in 1394. As the Earl of Darby, Henry entered the House of Lords in 1385.
Once Henry took charge as King of England, he married Elizabeth of York on 18 January 1486. Together they had seven children, from which a few were a part of the Tudor dy-nasty. Elizabeth was from the opposing family who were at war with the Lancastrians. The Yorkist were in a never-ending attem... ... middle of paper ... ...om fifty-two thousand pounds to one-hundred and forty-two thousand pounds. The Tudors were obtaining their profits from the people of England and they couldn't do much to end it.
Henry VIII, born in 1491, was the second son of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York. The significance of Henry's reign is, at times, overshadowed by his six marriages: dispensing with these forthwith enables a deeper search into the major themes of the reign. He married Catherine of Aragon (widow of his brother, Arthur) in 1509, divorcing her in 1533, the union produced one daughter, Mary. Henry married the pregnant Anne Boleyn in 1533, she gave him another daughter, Elizabeth, but was executed for infidelity (a treasonous charge in the king's consort) in May 1536. He married Jane Seymour by the end of the same month, who died giving birth to Henry's lone male heir, Edward, in October 1536.
He was the grandchild of Catherine of Valois, who was the widow of Owen Tudor and King Henry V. Henry married Elizabeth of York who was Edward IV’s daughter. This caused the merging of the two houses and was known as the end of the Wars of the Roses. Today, there is a small percent of doubt that the Wars cause a political uprising and made a difference in the balance of power. One of the main effects was that the Plantagenet dynasty was crushed and was replaced by the Tudor dynasty. The war was very bad for England on the already deteriorating relationship with France, and over the years the few props that were earned vanished when Queen Mary reigned.
William and Matilda had nine children. They had four male offspring and five female offspring all within sixteen years (Simkin). The sad thing about William’s marriage to Matilda is that his she didn’t want anything to do with him. When Matlida died, in 1083, William went into a deep depression because he loved, and cared for her so much (Cohen). William raged to be the King of England.
Little James was crowned King James VI of Scotland five days later at the tender age of 13 months. James' mother, Mary, was imprisoned in England by her cousin Queen Elizabeth and 19 years later, in February of 1587, was executed for her part in the conspiracy to assassinate Queen Elizabeth. King James never knew his mother. Like many monarchs of the time, King James was raised by neither his father nor his mother but rather by tutors. Of his four tutors, perhaps one of the most influential was George Buchanan, a Calvinist.
Queen Margaret, whose son was thus disinherited, raised an army and defeated the Yorkists at Wakefield in 1460. Here York was killed, and his son Edward assumed his claim. Margaret's army rescued the king at the second battle of St. Albans in 1461, but Edward meanwhile was victorious at Mortimer's Cross and assumed the throne as Edward IV. Henry was recaptured in 1465 and the Yorkists seemed to be in command. A quarrel then developed over the king's marriage, and Richard Neville, earl of Warwick, and the king's brother George, duke of Clarence, deserted Edward.