While acknowledging the divergent views of Nygren and Bornkamm that Romans reflects Paul's past experience, this essay, however, sides with the view that the Sitz im Leben of Romans manifests itself as a letter addressed to the social interactions between Jews and Gentiles and the situation of the Roman Jewish community whom Paul hopes to persuade, as in 14:1 and 15:3, to build up a Christian community net-work in order to give concrete support to his mission to Spain and spiritual support for his journey to Jerusalem (L. K. Lo, 1998 and Ziesler, 1989). This manifestation is again revealed in Paul's discussion of the commonality of sinfulness of Jews and Gentiles in 1:18-32 and 2:21-24, arguing that their solidarity in sin has put them in the same situation of guilt and powerlessness (Lo, 1998). The problem of human sin affecting Jews and Gentiles can only be solved by the divine righteousness which comes to the rescue of human beings in their collective predicament and which is, as in 1:17, primarily a saving power available to all who have faith in and respond to Jesus Christ (Ziesler, 1989). It is therefore against this background that this essay will attempt to discuss Pauline doctrine of justification by faith as understood by scholars like Ziesler, Barclay, Kasemann, Lo and Heinecken and to highlight where relevant differences in their perceptions of the doctrine. In its latter part, this essay will take issue with contentions that the doctrine constitutes only a subsidiary crater (Schweitzer), that justification is only the consequence rather than the content of the gospel (Molland) and that Christology rather than justification is the theme of the epistle (Friedrich) and will argue that the doctrine is so important and...
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...g in Christ but rather supports its significance because it represents the fruits one may be able to get, taste and experience when and after one has genuinely and fully immersed oneself in the faith in Jesus Christ.
Barclay, William The Letter to the Romans, 1975, The Saint Andrew Press
Dawn, Marva Powers, Weakness, and the Tabernacling of God, 2001,William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company
Goodrick, Edward & New International Bible Concordance, 1981, Zondervan Kohlenberger III, John Publishing House
Heinecken, Martin `Justification by faith' in A New Dictionary of Christian Ethics, 1986, SCM Press
Kasemann, Ernst Commentary on Romans, 1980, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company
Lo, Lung-Kwong Paul's Purpose in Writing Romans, 1998, Alliance Bible Seminary
Ziesler, John Paul's Letter to the Romans, 1989, SCM Press