John Stuart Mill's Defense Of Utilitarianism

436 Words1 Page

Four of the instances in which Mill responded are following: a) Standard is too high: The objectors to utilitarianism can’t be accused of always representing it in a discreditable light. On the contrary, objectors who have anything like a correct idea of its disinterested character sometimes find fault with utilitarianism’s standard as being too high for humanity. To require people always to act from the motive of promoting the general interests of society—that is demanding too much, they say. b) A godless theory: Utilitarianism plays fast and loose with god's commandments. If lying, stealing or killing could lead to an increase of happiness we should be told that we should lie, steal or kill. The objector attacks Mill by saying that Utilitarianism is a …show more content…

Mill supports Utilitarianism by stating that this theory revolves around people’s overall happiness and this is what God desires, so in fact this theory includes God indirectly. Mill’s defense is a rather weak one. It makes sense at first, but this is assuming that God is all loving and wants the best for everyone and as we concluded with DCT, God is not all loving. So since the DCT theory does not hold and God is not all loving, Mill’s defense is weak. c) Label of expectancy: Utilitarianism is often conflated with Expediency, and therefore considered immoral. However, "expedient" usually refers to acting against what is right for the sake of personal interest or short-term goals. Thus, instead of being useful, this meaning of expediency is actually harmful. Mill would argue that hurting society is not truly expedient, and that to act against society's interests is to be an enemy of morality. d) Too much deliberation: Mill looks into morality as a social practice and not as autonomous self-determination by reason. According to Mill, our moral obligations result from the justified part of the moral code of our society; and the task of moral philosophy consists in bringing

Open Document