John B. Skinner's Theory Of Behaviorism

713 Words3 Pages
Behaviorism According to the Dictionary of Psychology, Behaviorism is a theory of learning that is based upon the idea that all behaviors are obtained from their outside observations and not in one’s thoughts or feelings. In the 20th century, three important scientists John B. Watson, Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner proved that Behaviorism is the study of observable behavior, as opposed to internal such as emotions and thinking. Although they all have their different forms of behaviorism, there ideas are similar. Behaviorism is the study of human behavior and is mainly based on the belief that all human behavior is learned through conditioning of the environment. Behaviorism goes back to the 20th century, when many scientists were into defining…show more content…
F Skinner’s theory, known as radical behaviorism, is similar to Watson’s view that psychology is the study of the observable behavior of individuals interacting with their environment (Behaviorism 1). Basically what he stated in his radical behaviorism was that if an animal or human is praised into doing something and there’s a reward, they will most likely do it. On the other hand, if there’s no reward there is a high chance that a human or animal would not do it. For instance, if you tell an adolescent to pick up his toys and his reward is a candy, he will most likely do it because he is being rewarded something which is considered a positive reinforcement. On the contrary, if he is not told that he will be rewarded something, then he will most likely not do it which is a negative reinforcement. Watsons and Skinners ideas on behaviorism are similar because they both focused on the ideas that behaviorism can be predicted and controlled by the environment. Overall, Behaviorism is an important topic in today’s society. Although the main focus was in the 20th century, Behaviorism is still talked about today by many psychologists. Three important figures like Watson, Pavlov and Skinner were only a few that came up with their own experiments in order to prove that behaviorism all depends on observable behavior. Hence, Behaviorism is known to be behaviors that are acquired through conditioning in the

More about John B. Skinner's Theory Of Behaviorism

Open Document