Therefore, this united the tribes that became part of the Islamic Empire through the authority of a monotheistic state and religion. The Rashidun dynasty became the first to rule after the death of Muhammad. However, this decision created a divide amongst the two sects of Islam; the Sunnis and Shi`a. Their opposing views about legitimacy ignited the instability that would reign towards the end of the Rashidun rule and still marks for the tensions between the two groups in the Muslim community today. Yet, because of the expansion of Islam with the Near East, the caliphs had to draw in multiple
Originally, Islam was perceived by western historians as a religion of violence and conquest, "by preying on the caravans of the Quraish, Mohammed weakened them to the point of submission” (Anonymous, 1996). In fact, Mohammed was a warrior, aristocrat, and brilliant strategist, a stark contrast to many other holy men of history. He was forced to both defend his cities and force submission. Because of the strong military powers of his religious predecessors and oppresso... ... middle of paper ... ...hile Hinduism remained relatively non-violent throughout the centuries, when the first Muslim invaders appeared and they clashed in both a philosophical and violent sense. Hindu violence returned in the mid-twentieth century, when they finally regained control of India.
Without them some of the world’s communities wouldn’t have some of the very important knowledge we use today. One of the greatest achievements that the Muslim community accomplished was the hijra. This was a turning point in the rise of Islam. Muhammad tried hard to have Islam an accepted religion. In 622 Muhammad was threatened of murder.
Came, take away all the things, and forced people to convert, or tried to impress people with universal appeal – which one worked as power for Islam to spread? Throughout the history of world, religion played an important role for the development of mankind. Sometimes religion created impact on the gr The world had lots of religion, but none of them were sophisticated Some people used to follow animism, where the nature was worshipped. It showed that people thought that nature was source of power. Polytheism was common form of religion.
When one would examine the Islamic Religions it is important that they look at these three important aspects: the origin and history of the Islamic Religion, the practices and belief systems that it has, and where it is most popular in our world today. Islam was founded by Muhammad somewhere in the 7th century. Islam means “surrender” which communicates the major theme of Islam, which is complete surrender to God (Encyclopedia Britannica 1). The Religion is based on his life and teachings. Many historians argue as to whether or not Muhammad drew on other religions in the creation of Islam.
The Ghazi thesis was used by the Ottomans as well and it is based on the idea of a “holy war” against the infidels. The Ottomans were religion based and they went along with “Jihad in the path of God” which meant that they were fighting for God. Their goal in the beginning was to strive to be a more pious Muslim community. Like mentioned before, some Mughal rulers did not put religion as their top reason to conquer. Babur was more of a one of a kind ruler, “No Ottomans, sultans or conquerors, are known to have been as openly frank as the Mughal found Babur, who in his Turki-language autobiography explains that he left Kabul for India to satisfy his mulkgirliq, his "kingdom-seizing" or imperial ambitions” (Dale 56).
However, the weakn... ... middle of paper ... ...f the warring tribes was obtaining booty, or riches, not following the scriptures of the Quran or examples of Mohammed (Document 7) In addition to the many different ways the followers of Islam spread the religion and expanded their empire, the religion itself was appealing to many people outside of Arabia. The Islamic religion contained many beliefs and practices that were extremely appealing to others. One of these beliefs was that Islam is an uncompromising monotheistic religion, meaning there is only one God. In addition, there was an extremely well and highly developed set of legal codes and a strong sense of community among the followers of Islam. The five pillars were also extremely appealing because they provided the basis for religious unity.
Muhammad started off with very few followers but as the faith of Allah started to spread, he gained more followers and he became a threat to Mecca’s rulers. As mentioned in World Civilization, “in 622 Muhammad left Mecca for Medina where his skilled leadership brought new followers.” In Medina, Muhammad became the religious authority in the area and he used this power to conquer Mecca, a holy place for Islamic believers. By the time of his death, he was able to have created a religious empire that controlled all of the Arabian Peninsula. Along with Muhammad’s influence on Islam, trade routes also provided a significant impact on the spread of Islam. The most important and remembered trade routes were the Silk Roads and the Indian Ocean trade route.
Zoroastrianism The Arab world is now dominated by one strong and fierce religion. But, during the dynasties of such nobles as the Achaemenids, a truly noble and proud religion appeared; Zoroastrianism. The word of this religion was brought to the world by the Persian prophet Zoroaster. The origins of the religion and the beliefs of Zoroastrianism were and still are the cornerstone of the religion. During time, the religion depleted in size because of Mohammed, who introduced and brought the faith of Islam into the world.
Like most religions, the beginning is always the struggle. When the Islamic religion first started, believers were treated harshly. But with time, it rose to become one of the most powerful and inspiring religions. The word “Islam” means submission to the will of Allah, the god of Islam. People who follow this religion are called Muslims (Hussain).