The Black Panther Party for Self Defense was the most significant activist group during the Civil Rights Movement Era. It was founded in Oakland, California by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale in October of 1966. The Black Panthers Party was founded to fight for and protect the rights of African Americans. Believing that the approach Martin Luther King Jr. was expressing would take too long, the approach Black Panther Party took was more along the lines of Malcolm X more aggressive theories rather than Martin Luther King Jr.’s more peaceful strategy. Although it gained a lot of support quickly it was ineffective in its main agenda’s due to, government actions against them, disorganization within the BPP, and the loss and shortcomings of its leaders.
The most important things that caused intense community obliteration were the Black Panthers'’ stand for unity, opportune equality, and the demand to bring racism to a halt. The Black Panthers wanted to be apart of a society of Revolutionary Freedom with the ability to fight for the oppressed to gain equal rights and to end police brutality. The Panthers were a dominant organization because of its support from the black community. The whites in the North were endangered and alienated by the Black Panthers’ radicalism and readiness to use violence. In 1968 and 1969, The Panthers’ were perceived as a threat to the federal government whom effectively disband the organization by creating ways to stop them.
The beginning of the civil rights movement for African Americans was originally geared towards desegregation, voting rights, and equal opportunities. But, many African Americans began to realize the problem was much deeper than that. African Americans were inferior in the eyes of a white man, and no laws were going to change their views. This is where the black power movement comes into place. With violence, African Americans believed they could start a revolution.
They were beaten and imprisoned for their beliefs as shown in the sources above, but they continued to fight for racial integration and to also rise and stand up for themselves and equality. After about a hundred years of mistreatment and being denied their basic human and civil rights, the African Americans defeated the laws that were put down on them and overcame the tragedies during the era of Jim Crow.
Black Panther Party were one the most famous black power movement that was organize in the late 1960s. Invent by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale, they wanted to stop the oppression of the black community from white business owners, governments, and the police. At first, the moment originally called the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense to utilize the Party’s beliefs from the domineering nonviolent campaign of the Civil Rights Movement. Additionally, the Black Panther Party develop the Ten-Point program, which disclose the major conflicts that were detrimental to the black communities and also explains the wants and needs for the Black masses in America. Some of these Ten-Point program were freedom, full employment, end to robbery of Black communities, decent housing, education for the people, free health care, end to police brutality and murder, end to all wars of aggression, and freedom for all political prisoners.
Black Panther Party “We knew, as a revolutionary vanguard, repression would be the reaction of our oppressors, but we recognized that the task of the revolutionist is difficult and his life is short. We were prepared then, as we are now, to give our all in the interest of oppressed people” (Baggins). Radical and provocative, the 60’s was an era of complete political and social upheaval. Although the Civil Rights Act of 1964 had banned the discrimination of people based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin, the execution of this act were initially proven weak. Unlike other national organizations or campaigns against the U.S. government, the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense remains the only organization to take a militant stance, frequently seen campaigning armed and proudly wielding weapons.
Otherwise, in his opinion, legislative change would be completely ineffective, and in stating this, he reinforced his standpoint that legislative change was the wrong course of action. 15. Malcolm X argued that nonviolent protesting was unsuccessful because it rendered the black community defenseless, while Martin Luther King, Jr. was bent on using nonviolent methods of instigating change, knowing that doing so would win over the sympathy of the American public, which—in a few instances—resulted in the passing of Civil Rights legislature, making racial equality a national and governmental concern.
"Communist Party of the United States." Encyclopaedia of African-American Culture and History. 1996 ed. Lawler, Mary. Marcus Garvey.
Her defiance to the law that day became known to the world. Martin Luther King Jr. led one of the most important boycotts during the civil rights. He was an African-American Civil Rights activist who presented the “I Have a Dream” speech, which has been recognized as one of the most touching speeches worldwide. Rosa Parks, Martin L... ... middle of paper ... ...on to create equality was too ideological. The members of the Black Panther knew that their goals were impossible to reach.
The black power protest movements, feminist movements, and gay rights movements protesting inequality in the global society defined 1968 as a revolution watershed. Therefore, ending the social customs of discrimination, and pursuing that separatism is no longer justifiable. As more and more young activists in the United States lost faith in the slowly proceeding civil rights movement, demands to end separatism came increasingly to the forefront. Young radicals in the group known as the “Black Panthers” highlighted black power by taking control of their own organizations and moving forward on their own. In his UC Berkeley speech, Stokley Carmichael, preached for the whites to, “move on over or we’ll move on over you.”1 Carmichael’s speech informed the new thinking of the aggravated radicals, and the urgency the Black Panthers had to gain their freedom from the racial discrimination.