Media can be defined as any means through which an idea is emitted, with the hope of inspiring a change, or simply to inform the public. In a generalized sense, the media has been around since Ancient times in writing, art, speeches, and countless other forms. Ancient form of press undoubtedly had an impact on society, but it was not until the mid-19th century that the media began to modernize and took on a new form that would yield even greater power over its audience. This period was a time of unremitting war, social progress, and economic fluctuation. Modern media’s advance during this era was no accident: the significant change and turmoil throughout the country was something that could not be ignored, therefore causing the press to take charge and publicize the issues that were occurring throughout the nation.
An example from Rodman (pg. 307) brings to our attention that “coverage of Kennedy and Oswald assassinations shows the power and danger of our new obsession with live TV news coverage.” Journalism has become dependent on the media, and news has seemed to blur with entertainment, as everything needs to be televised nowadays. News is given from The Tonight Show and The Today Show, as well as many other broadcasts from the television industry. Newspaper industries and journalists have been cut back, as the development of phones and websites have allowed everyone to contribute to the journalism world. As journalism keeps adapting to new mediums, journalists have faced many obstacles and new rules, but the
Introduction ‘News media investigate, analyze, and report to stakeholder publics on issues and event s that occur around the globe in a twenty-four-hour, 365-day news cycle’ (Richard,2007:98). Because of the way news media works, we know what is happening in the world and we can have ‘connection’ to other places. With new media arising, the information transmission process become even faster. Though new media is getting more prevalent, still, a considerable amount of people rely on one of the traditional news media – newspaper. Facing the competition, the way news reported may change as newspapers ‘need to maintain large circulation figures to stay profitable’ (Bignell 1997:83).
The responsibilities were basically attained throughout time as the news media started to form into a bigger more regular part of life. Even today the news media keeps growing and has an influence that is almost not even comparable to anything else. The news media has its fine line for rights, but it has two major responsibilities, which are to inform the public and to influence the public opinion. The rights of the news media in the U.S. were outlined when the Bill of Rights was written. This right was shown in the 1st amendment as the freedom of the press.
With more available papers, individual companies competed with each other with “muckraking journalism”—investigative journalism exposing corruption—and “yellow journalism”—sensationalist journalism that completely disregarded the facts (Davis 30). The press continued to evolve its journalistic approaches and next shifted to “lapdog journalism,” r... ... middle of paper ... ...l Moyers. Originally broadcast July 11, 2003. Retrieved March 27, 2006, from http://www.pbs.org/now/transcript/transcript_stewart.html. Peyser, Marc.
Although Hearst was not the initial cause of the war, there was proof that he had the power to distort information, images and options. By World War 1, the media involvement increase by a tremendous amount. The magazines were one form of mass media that influenced that US involvement in World War 1. Magazines such as Collier’s, Cosmopolitan, Ladies Home Journal, Saturday Evening Post, and McCall’s would publish copies in the millions. The increase in magazine production restructured the entire media industry, creating competition between newspapers.
Question 3: Professional journalism is a relatively new industry in American history. Before Civil War, there were a lot of tensions in the U.S. The conflicts between South and North offered journalism a great chance to develop, and by the end of Civil War, the modern print journalism was already on the right track. In 1920s, broadcasting started to develop and it created a new way to share the news from one point to multiple communities. To some degree, the Second World War benefited a lot from broadcast and inaugurated the modern broadcast journalism’s development.
Technology and social change go hand-in-hand with the advancement of the workforce society within the last decade. Thanks to new technological breakthroughs emerging on a regular basis, the way we view employment has changed drastically compared to those of years before us. Dating back to the 1400’s, Johan Gutenberg revolutionized the world as we know it today by developing the printing press. Today, we take such things for granted but it is writing that makes it possible to spread knowledge, communication, and ideas over such a wide body of population. With the amazing developing of print, other inventions began emerging.
The technological changes made throughout these time periods have made communication and the media widely spread. The 60's brought along many new changes in the way media is produced. The use of the television in the 60's played a very important role in the media for these times dealt with not only political changes but also social, cultural, and psychological changes. From civil rights issues to cult movements and student protests, Americans were faced with many different situations that affected everyday life. Television news broadcasts kept Americans informed as to the many situations going on in the world.
Is it a news program or a gossip market? Today most news shows do just that. While reporting up to date occurrences, it’s the media attention which they crave most. It’s not that they invent news, but it is moreover taken to a higher level. Through opinions of various journalists, as well as a bit of twisted factual evidence, journalists have the power to influence most viewers who tune in nightly, for the most part to catch up on current events.