Schlieffen thought that taking out France was the key to winning the war as quickly as possible. He thought that if France was defeated then Britain and Russia would not want to continue the fighting. Schlieffen estimated that it would take at least six weeks for Russia to organize there large army for an attack on Germany. This meant that it was very important that Germany was able to invade and defeat France before then. In August 1914 the Schlieffen Plan was put into effect and the German Army invaded Luxembourg and Belgium.
Paramount to the German plan was speed. In order for Germany to be able to invade Russia without worrying about France, Germany needed to defeat the French in a matter of weeks. Due to a number of unforeseen factors, the German plan failed and led directly to the deadlocked situation that would continue for over four years. As a result of alteration to the Schlieffen Plan, the complete failure of the French plan XVII and the intervention of British, Belgian and French forces, a situation that could only be described as stalemate was firmly established by November 1914. The events leading to this began on 4th August 1914 when around a million German troops poured into Belgium according to the Schlieffen plan.
Germany attacked France through neutral Belgium as they thought that Belgium would not fight them. Germany launched a massive attack in the French city of Verdun in early 1916.This gave a real shock to France as they did not see it coming but, to lessen the pressure on France, the British planned an attack at Somme. The British wanted to break the German lines so that all the allies could continue the war into Germany. The Anglo-French alliance intended to wear down the German army at Verdun before engaging in the Battle of Somme however, due to the large French losses at Verdun, the date for the Battle of Somme was brought forward to the 1st of July. The battle of the Somme lasted for just 4 months from July 1916 to November 1916 but was easily known as one of the worst battles ever fought.
Count Alfred von Schlieffen drew up the Schlieffen plan during his time as the German chief of staff. The plan basically called for quick encircling movements, which would surround the opposition leaving them defeated quickly and in simple terms; completely destroyed. In the case of defeating France it would involve the German army encircling Paris. They would enter through the neutral country of Belgium, who it was assumed would be defeated quickly. Unfortunately for the Germans, the Schlieffen Plan failed due to the quick mobilisation of the troops in Russia and the resistance of the Belgians.
The German west-front war-plan in 1914 was devised by the younger Helmuth von Moltke, and while it bore some resemblance to Schlieffen’s proposal, it was extensively adapted to the changed circumstances, in particular to the necessity of now deploying against Ru... ... middle of paper ... ... of a two-front war in which both enemies would immediately go onto the offensive. He could not deploy the whole of the German army in the west, even though he needed a quick decision there to release reinforcements for the eastern front. It was the Moltke Plan, not the Schlieffen Plan, which required a victory over France within six weeks. Nor could Moltke contemplate swinging a part of his right wing all the way around Paris, since that again needed more time and troops than could be spared in a war on two fronts. Moltke’s right wing, already much weaker than Schlieffen’s, was further depleted during the course of the operation when he pulled out two of its army corps and transferred them to the east.
Both sides were dug into trenches protected by machine guns, only metres apart in some places. Germany's Schlieffen Plan had failed spectacularly. In conclusion, stalemate had a number of causes; the resistance from Belgium and the involvement of the British, which delayed Germany's attack; the quick mobilisation of the Russian forces and the bad German supply lines which weakened Germany's attack; the French defence of Paris, which diverted Germany's attack; French losses in Plan XVII, without which France may have been strong enough to defeat Germany; and the Battle of the Marne, where both sides failed to defeat the other. The public had been wrong, and the war was not over by Christmas. Both sides had suffered great casualties and loss of forces, and trench warfare had begun.
Introduction In 1915 the Allied and German forces were both seeking a decisive victory to end the war. The German army decided that the location of this victory would be the city of Verdun. Verdun is located 150 miles from Paris, France were the French Army headquarters was located. General Falkenhayn believed that the French Army would never accept the loss of a major defensive city so close to the headquarters. Operation Judgment became the code name for this battle which was to bleed the French Army of Soldiers through the defense of Verdun.
These assumptions were that Britain would stay neutral, Belgium would not attack, Russia would take 6 six weeks to get their army ready and France would be easily defeated. They were wrong in each of these cases. Germany planned to cut through Belgium and meet the rest of the army in Paris dispose of France easily and move on to attack Russia. Russia attack straight away meaning that Germany that to leave a great deal of men on the eastern front lowering the pressure on the western front, this shows how the eastern front was important from the outset, where it was most important to win ground. Belgium did resisted attack and this meant the two armies could not meet in Paris.
The German High Command, at this point, knew that they could no longer continue to fight and needed to surrender or face annihilation. Tactical changes within both main armies fighting on the Western Front would eventually lead to battlefield success for both sides while leading to an impending victory by the Allies. The Germans on one hand developed the use of combined arms, Stormtroopers. These soldiers while extremely successful also led to a destruction of the German moral and reserves due to high casualty rates. On the other side, the Allies stymied their original failures in tactics by maintaining moral and developing their own tactics.
World War one lasted from 1914 to 1919 and the United States played a huge role in this war. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the nephew of the Austria-Hungry emperor was the start of this war. The assassin was from Serbia who allied with Russia while Austria-Hungry allied with Germany. During this war both sides had different plans of attack to help the troops and ultimately win the war. Both of these plans were meant to hold the other side back, but when both plans were in play at the same time, it stopped the forward movement that the plan was supposed to do.