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Free German General Staff Essays and Papers

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    The Schlieffen Plan

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    The Schlieffen Plan was devised by Count Alfred von Schlieffen, the Chief of the General Staff in the German army in 1905. There were a number of different aspects to the Schlieffen Plan, and all were aimed at defeating France as quickly as possible, preferably in under 6 weeks. The Germans believed this was possible because they had defeated France in Alsace and Lorraine in the 1871. The main aim of the Schlieffen Plan was to knock out and capture France and then attack Russia in order to avoid

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    “One either lets me do as I want or one gives me concrete orders,” General Donrad Krafft von Dellmensingen, German Sixth Army Chief of Staff responsed when it was suggested he suspend offensive employment of his army. The First Battle of the Marne, also classified as the most, “significant land battle of the twentieth century,” impresses one for its scale, decisiveness, and devastating use of rapid small arms fire, machine guns, hand grenades, and artillery. From 5 through 11 September, Germany

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    resounded with the collision of the war plans pored over for decades by the general staffs of Europe. The original German plan for a two-front war, drafted by Helmuth von Moltke the elder, had called for taking the offensive against Russia and standing on the defensive in the rugged Rhineland. The plan showed military prudence and complemented the stabilizing diplomacy of Bismarck. But Alfred, Graf von Schlieffen, presided over the German military in the era of Kaiser William's Weltpolitik and adopted a more

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    increasing threat of war, Germany knew that it could not wage battle for an extended period on both fronts. The problem facing the German commanders was that if a war broke out, they would probably have to fight against Russia and France at the same time. Also, the armies of both France and Germany had more than doubled between 1870 and 1914. The German Army Chief of Staff, Alfred Von Schlieffen, was given orders to devise a strategy to cope with the imminent joint attack. In 1905, he produced

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    The Schlieffen Plan

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    The Schlieffen Plan The Schlieffen Plan is commonly – though misleadingy – identified with the German western offensive at the start of the First World War in August 1914, which began as a campaign of rapid movement but ended in deadlock and trench warfare. The plan is generally seen as a desperate gamble almost certain to fail, and its recklessness is counted as part of Germany’s war guilt – the plan held out the false promise of a quick victory, and so it underpinned the “short war illusion”

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    into one designed for war. 2. Who was Field Marshal Alfred von Schlieffen? Field Marshal Alfred von Schlieffen was a German field marshal who served as the Chief of the Imperial German General Staff from 1891 to 1906. He is known for the Schlieffen Plan, a strategic plan designed to defeat Russia and France, which involved fighting both fronts at the same time. 3. The Germans assumed that in case of war they would have to fight on two fronts, to the East and to the West. Which two countries did

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    Edward was out of the way, William was sure that he had earned the position as the ruler of Europe the entire and would soon take action to prove to the rest of the world that Germany was more powerful than all. In Germany, the Chief of the German General Staff, Count Alfred von Schlieffen, created a plan of attack in case of the possibility of a two-front war. But, this plan required invading Belgium, which(at the time) was neutral territory and proteced by England, Despite the promise of England

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    Prussian Military Reforms

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    Hoffman, "Auftragstaktik: Mission - Based Leadership", Engineer, Vol 23, Issue 4 December, 1994 Marbot, M.D. Memoirs du General Baron de Marbot, III,Paris, Plon, 1892. Marshall-Cornwall, J. Napoleon As a Military Commander, Clowes and Son Ltd, London, 1965. Millotat, Oberst. Strategic Studies Institute U.S. Army War College. Understanding the Prussian-German General Staff System. 1992. Paret, Peter. Makers of Modern Strategy. Princeton University Press: New Jersey, 1986 Shanahan, William

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    a russian way

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    1890 there was the Triple Alliance which was an agreement among Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy to help each other under certain circumstances. The Germans also had a secret Re-Insurance Treaty with Russia to ensure that they never had to fight a war on two fronts. Neither France nor Britain were members of these agreements. In 1893 the Germans refused to renew the Re-Insurance Treaty with Russia, preferring closer links with Austria-Hungary. In 1894 Russia and France came together in an alliance

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    and remains one of the most famous German rulers of all time for his military successes and his domestic reforms that made Prussia one of the leading European nations. I have found myself many a times in very sticky situations, and have learned quite well on how to deal with these dilemmas by resorting to wartime strategies. I have familiarized myself with the teachings of Frederick, and have thoroughly read and studied his Instruction to Military Generals. So, in essence, I feel I am in a position

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