Children who are maltreated have signiﬁcantly poorer mental and physical health outcomes compared with the general child population (Ho). Some of the causes of child abuse are lack of parenting support and skills, a history of child abuse, mental illness, etc. The lack of parenting support could be the main reason why children most children experience physical abuse. He/she are in their learning stages and need to parent to correct them when they are wrong. Your child will make mistakes along the way.
The emotional abuse experiences will most likely become a stressful event to children. The Journal Article of Clinical Psychology states, “Individuals who experience childhood abuse are three to four times more likely to develop major depression in their lifetime” (Shapero, 2014, p. 210). Children who are exposed to childhood emotional abuse experience aggression, which can be both short term and long term effect. Aggression typically causes the child to feel angry at people and it makes them unable to confront them, by setting up a blocked wall. Instead of letting the feelings out, the aggression is suppressed internally.
On the other hand, if untreated, serious cases of depression in childhood can be severe, long, and interfere with all aspects of development, relationships, school progress, and family life (Janzen, & Saklofske, 1991). The existence of depression in school-age children was nearly unrecognized until the 1990's. In the past, depression was thought of as a problem that only adults struggled with, and if children did experience it, they experienced depression entirely different than adults did.
Changes in relationships and friendships, a recent death of a family member, peer pressure, various types of abuse, trauma, being bullied, puberty, sexual orientation, and difficulty in school are all factors that alone or combined can cause an individual to develop depression (“Teen Depression”; Goldenberg; Mayo Clinic Staff).All of these social, physical, and academic aspects may be some of the reasons that a teenager develops depression. Along with the various causes that may trigger depression, there are certain people more prone to developing it. Females run a greater risk of suffering from depression than males, due to the way they respond to their environment (“Teen Depression”). For example, females are more apt to liste... ... middle of paper ... ...., 1998. Print.
School can also be affected in many ways when teens have depression. It can make it harder to concentrate, cause them to have poor attendance, and increase the trouble they cause with the school faculty (Butler). Another effect of depression is anxiety. Depression oftentimes leads to anxiety, but anxiety is more common to occur in a child on its own, without depression. Anxiety is, for the most part, normal when the body knows there is danger.
The traumatic events during childhood, such as, physical or emotional abuse, and the loss of a parent, may cause changes in the brain that makes a person more susceptible to depression (“Teen Depression”). Physical and emotional abuse is a main cause of trauma because the teen will not be able to trust anyone. Adolescence can be a very turbulent and difficult time, even for the well-adjusted teen. Teenagers with depression can have far-reaching implications, when young people suffer from or with emotional difficulties they aren’t sure how to manage (“10 Common Causes”). A physical abuse from a loved one or relationship has a lot of impact on a teen’s life.
Additionally, “because feelings of shame, decrease in self-esteem, self-blame, anxiety and fear may be prevalent for the child of divorce, children from divorced homes often perform academically worse than peers” (Finley). It is not rare for a child to have difficulty focusing on schoolwork due to stress and anxiety. Anxiety can take a toll on the overall well-being and can also cause sleep disruption and a lack of concentration in school. The methods of group therapy have also been known to be a good form of treatment. Group therapy challenges to “communicate with children on issues of importance, providing support, enhancing their skill development, and promoting their mental health” (Rose).
Child abuse undoubtedly affects the children while it is happening. The toll it takes on these children can be seen physically and emotionally through scars, bruises, failing grades, and rebellious attitudes. In many cases these devastating effects do not disappear after the abuse stops or when the child becomes an adult. It follows them for the rest of their life and can lead to depression, suicidal thoughts, or suicide itself. Researchers found that abuse and maltreatment during a person’s childhood can affect the way their brain functions.
Moylan states, “The effects of being abused persist into adolescence; teens who were abused as children are more likely to experience depression and other internalizing problems” (pg. 54). A lot of children that have been exposed to domestic violence are often sad. They are depressed. Most people who have been depressed have been tempted to do bodily harm or commit suicide.
Some children who have been abused go on to live balanced lives, whereas other struggle mentally in various aspects of life. A maltreated child has chances of showing symptoms of bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, the necessity for social dominance, depression, dissociative identity disorder, as well a suicidal thoughts. Now, even though not only abused children develop into these various mental challenges, there are at a heightened exposure to these mental diseases as a result of their childhood trauma. Child abuse is has been an ongoing epidemic that has affected the ... ... middle of paper ... ...ip between childhood abuse and suicidality in adult bipolar disorder. Violence And Victims, 23(3), 361-372. doi:10.1891/0886-6708.23.3.361 Meyers, John E.B.