While finding information for this paper I have come up with one conclusion. That there has not been nearly enough studies done on this issue. Maybe the reason that there are so many depressed adults in this world is because they were depressed as children. If no0one new enough to recognize that a child was depressed, and then how to take care of the problem how could they ever be helped?
The assumptions are that there is inwardly directed anger, introjection of love object loss, severe superego demands, excessive narcissistic, oral, and anal personality needs, loss of self-esteem, and deprivation in the mother child relationship during the first year. It was first Freud’s belief, and then other psychodynamic supporters. Freud also believed that many different cases of depression were in fact biological. He stated that there had to be triggers to make these changes in the brain. One life change that he focused a large amount of research on is depression can be connected to loss or rejection by a parent early on in life. Depression is much like grief in this sense, it is a reaction to the loss of an important relationship or person. These findings are supported better than most other research in the field of psychology. But there are still room for so many questions.
There is limited research conducted to assess the contribution of nature (genetic links) and nurture (parenting styles and home environment) factors to the onset of SAD in adolescents, despite the extensive amount of studies that established and support the nature/nurture link to SAD onsets.
Among the many mental diseases, bipolar disorder has recently exploded
onto our society and still seems to challenge our medical professions.
Bipolar disorder has manipulated over 2 million Americans at one point
in time or another in their lives (2). It is quickly becoming a
recognized disease and is treated very seriously in today’s society.
There are two types of the bipolar disorder. In the type 1 of the
bipolar disorder, which is also the most severe, individuals may
experience the incidents of acute depression (2).
This essay is about the different types of depression and how it can affect a person’s life. I accessed a couple different websites to do my research for this essay. The first one is “Depression Fact Sheet: Depression Statistics and Depression Causes”, which I used primarily to get the statistics on depression. This was co-written by two people who work in the field of psychology, Dr. Bob Murray, a widely published psychologist who is an expert in emotional health and optimal relationships; and Alicia Fortinberry, a psychotherapist, health writer and executive coach. The second is a very informative article in Medical News Today by Christian Nordqvist called “What is depression? What causes depression?” This is where I got most of the facts about the different forms of depression, as well as from my textbook, Psychology: A Journey by Dennis Coon and John O. Mitterer.
Chapman, D. P., Whitfield, C. L., Felitti, V. J., Dube, S. R., Edwards, V. J., & Anda, R. F. (2004). Adverse childhood experiences and the risk of depressive disorders in adulthood. Journal of Affective Disorders, 82, 217-225.
Major Depression Disorder
Evidence shows that Major Depression Disorder has been around four thousands of years. In the fourth century BC, Hippocrates referred to a group of symptoms including loss of appetite, insomnia, flat affect, and irritability as melancholia (Jackson). Taking accountability of melancholia appeared in ancient Mesopotamian texts in the second millennium B.C. At this time, any mental illness had something to do with the demons. It had to be checked by the priests.
In the article “Do Negative Cognitive Styles Confer Vulnerability to Depression?” by Lauren B. Alloy, Lyn Y. Abramson, and Erika L. Francis, they explain how negative cognitive styles confer vulnerability to depression when people confront negative life experiences. Depression is a serious psychological health disorder, with significant penalties in terms of human distress, lost productivity, and even fatalities. Up to date estimates suggest that 16% of the population will experience an event of depression at some time in their lives. Furthermore, people who experience a major depressive event are at increased risk for future episodes, with each episode significantly increasing risk for following episodes. Given this public health significance, significant research interest has been devoted to understanding essential causes of depression.
Mood disorders are often underdiagnosed and undertreated in children and teenagers. Many parents automatically diagnose mood changes and anxiety as a result of excessive stress or sleep deprivation. In addition, depression, anxiety disorders, and memory loss may coexist with childhood disorders. Social stigma, lack of employment opportunities, or lack of social contact may contribute to depression. Adolescents and young adults with history of disorders have higher than average rates of
"Maternal Depression Can Undermine the Development of Young Children." Center on the Developing Child. Harvard University, 2009. Web. 04 Apr. 2014.