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Introduction - Online Learning

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1.0 Introduction Chapter 1 discusses the introduction of the background of the blended learning which are online learning and face-to-face that is use for UNIMAS Cognitive Science students in their academic study. Next, it discusses the problem statement, research question, objective of study which are divides into general objective and specific objective, also definition of terms and conceptual framework in this research. This chapter also contains the limitation and the significance of study in this research. 1.1 Background of Study New advances in the internet based technology have brought challenges and opportunities as well to education and training, in particular through online instruction. Online learning can be define both as a kind of learning which occurs through the Internet, a network or only a computer and as audible, visual and interactive synchronous or asynchronous educational activities (Dziuban, Hartman, & Moskal, 2004). The most significant characteristics of online learning are that the teacher and the learner are in different physical environments and that the communication throughout the teaching/learning process is carried out via e-mail, forums and others through the Internet. Online learning is a common method since it is able to present the content of the course in a longer period of time compared to classroom environment and other methods which it allows education for seven days and twenty four hours, it reaches more number of learners and it ensures a learning environment which is independent of time and place (Dziuban, Hartman, & Moskal, 2004) particularly for students. However, online learning environments pose such disadvantages as hindrance of the socialization process of individuals, lack of s... ... middle of paper ... ...horpe, R. T. & Graham, C. R. (2003). Blended learning environments: Definitions and directions. The Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 4(3), 227-233. Salmon, G (2000). E-moderating: The key to teaching and learning online. London: Kogan Page, 3. Singh, H. (2003) Building effective blended learning programs, Educational Technology, 43, 51-54. Singh, H., & Reed, C. (2001). A white paper: Achieving success with blended learning, Retrieved August 20, 2010 from: http://www.centra.com/download/whitepapers/blendedlearning.pdf. Talbot, C. (2003). Studying at a Distance: A guide for students. Open University. Taylor, S., & Todd, P. A. (1995). Understanding information technology usage: A test of competing models. Information Systems Research, 6(2), 144-175. Thorne, K. (2003). Blended learning: How to integrate online and traditional learning, London: Kogan Page.
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