India's Security Challenges

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India is widely believed to have arrived on the global stage. The country is celebrated for its fastest-growing economies, educated professional class, its urban-based prosperity, and its Bollywood-fueled cultural influence abroad. However, while parts of the country bask in the glow of new-found affluence, others continue to toil in the gloom of abject poverty. This other side of India is also driven by violence and unrest, which increasingly targets the government. Although there was some disagreement over whether it was possible to categorize security threats into internal versus external, it is undeniable that the country’s security challenges are numerous. Therefore, this essay will try to analyze various security challenges of India and argue that India’s security challenges are more internal. The first part of the paper deals with defining ‘internal’ and ‘external’ security challenges. The second part presents the domestic and foreign security challenges of India. Then, the third part of the paper argues about the internal challenges paramount external challenges. Etymologically, security implies the absence of real or perceived threats whether originating from internal turmoil, external sources, or incumbent economic disparities and inequalities. Over the course of the past two decades, the understanding and definition of security threats have undergone a two-fold transformation. First, the evolution of the international security environment has led to a diversification and decentralization of security threats, transcending state borders and actors, and spreading across political, economic, social and environmental dimensions. Second—and consequently—a major reprioritization of security threats followed, making non-tr... ... middle of paper ... ...tions. Rep. Vol. 7. New Delhi: Centre for Land Warfare Studies (CLAWS), 2010. Web. Web. Manoharan, N. "India’s Internal Security Situation: Threats and Responses." India Quarterly: A Journal of International Affairs69.4 (2013): 367-81. SAGE. Web. Sachs, Stephen E. "The Changing Definition of Security.”. N.p., 2003. Web. Path: http://www.stevesachs.com/papers/paper_security.html. Sanchez, Andrew. Corruption in India. publications. London: The London School of Economic and Political Science, 2012. Internet. Sevak, Ram. "India’s Security Challenges - A Futuristic Perspective." INDIA Future of Change. N.p., n.d. Web. Tripathy, Rosy, and Nidhi Singh. "National Security: Need for reform in the Internal Security of India." UPSC Portal. UPSC, n.d. Web. Path: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/study-kit/ips-lce/national-security/need-for-reform-internal-security-of-india.
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